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In The Wizard of Oz, the Wicked Witch of the West lights the Scarecrow on fire. Dorothy picks up a bucket of water to douse him, but she splashes it on the Witch, who begins to melt.

It seems unusual to me that the Witch would allow a lethal substance anywhere near her castle, which makes me wonder: did she know that she could be killed by water?

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7  
If you ever get the chance, go and see Wicked - it's excellent. This is one of the plot points covered - but I'll say no more here :) – James Thorpe Feb 9 at 9:59
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Broadcasting ones vulnerability to a world that wanted one dead sounds terminal. – EngrStudent Feb 9 at 16:54
    
It would sound rather improbable that she would not know. How would it be possible that she'd never come in contact with water in her life? – Moyli Feb 10 at 0:30
    
I asked a slightly different of this question months ago, and it got downvoted to hell and auto-deleted. :( – Wad Cheber Feb 10 at 2:59
up vote 30 down vote accepted

So it would seem:

The Witch was too much afraid of the dark to dare go in Dorothy's room at night to take the shoes, and her dread of water was greater than her fear of the dark, so she never came near when Dorothy was bathing. Indeed, the old Witch never touched water, nor ever let water touch her in any way.

She also always carried an umbrella, presumably to avoid getting wet:

The girl had to work hard during the day, and often the Witch threatened to beat her with the same old umbrella she always carried in her hand.

As in Project Gutenberg's Wizard of Oz, in Chapter 12 - The Search for the Wicked Witch.

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+1. Follow-up question: Could the Witch also have been killed by dark? – ruakh Feb 9 at 21:01
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@ruakh How, by throwing a bucket of dark on her? – Mr Lister Feb 9 at 21:31
    
@MrLister You could throw a blanket on her. Boy, that would be a weird ending. – Thunderforge Feb 9 at 22:19
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@MrLister: I was thinking more, e.g., by pushing her into Dorothy's room at night. (Or, alternatively, by dropping a house on her . . . maybe that's what really killed the Wicked Witch of the East!) – ruakh Feb 9 at 23:51

If you're asking about the book, the odds are decent that she does know that water is harmful to her as she "did not carry a broom in the novel, but rather an umbrella" according to the Oz wiki. Baum never elaborated on exactly why she was vulnerable, but Mombi is killed the same way in The Lost King of Oz and Singra was afraid enough of water to secure protection from it via a favor from a water nymph, so it seems to be a trait of wicked witches in the setting. There's some speculation on the wiki that their bodies were already used up and therefore were only barely held together by magic.

It is stated in Baum's book that the Wicked Witch of the West was so old and Wicked that all the blood in her body dried up long before The Wonderful Wizard of Oz takes place. And when she fnally comes into contact with water, it burns her skin like acid and she dissolves into a puddle on the floor. Baum described it as "melting away like brown sugar." In the beginning of the story when Dorothy's farmhouse fell on the Wicked Witch of the East, her body soon caved in and crumbled to dust under the fallen establishment. (The feet of the dead Wicked Witch had disappeared entirely and nothing was left but the Silver Shoes.) The Good Witch of the North explains that "She was so old that she dried up quickly in the sun." So whatever mysterious magic potion or spell that was holding the Wicked Witch of the East together was possibly something the Wicked Witch of the West used to keep herself alive as well, even though Baum never elaborated upon this aspect.

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As I recall, one of the later Oz books confirmed that the witch had already prolonged her lifespan beyond its natural length at the point when Oz was enchanted so that no-body there would die - meaning that she wasn't protected in that respect, and so could die. Not that the books are tremendously consistent on how the no-one-dies-in-Oz thing works. – user867 Feb 9 at 4:25

I'm not sure if this is explicit in the original Frank L Baum The Wonderful Wizard of Oz or the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.

However in the book she does carry an umbrella, instead of a broom as in the film, a very convenient thing for someone allergic to water, and possibly more than a coincidence, almost as though she didn't want to get wet...

Once the Witch struck Toto a blow with her umbrella and the brave little dog flew at her and bit her leg in return.

- The Wonderful Wizard of Oz - Chapter 12 - The Search for the Wicked Witch

The wicked witch of the south Singra in the book The Lost King of Oz is afraid of water killing her, though whether this is because she know it's bad for them or because of what happened to the wicked witch of the West and Mombi is open for speculation.

As the canonicity of Oz is pretty fluid due to so many people putting their spin on things I'm also going to mention the 2013 film Oz The Great and Powerful Theodora who becomes the wicked witch knows water is dangerous to her as she is burnt by her own tears, even before becoming wicked.

theodora burning tears

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Yes, just before Dorothy throws the water, you can hear the witch yell:

"Don't throw that water!"

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