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Gandalf and Sauron both were Maiar and were created in the same way, I presume.

1.) Was Gandalf (Grey or White) powerful enough to kill/defeat Sauron? He did kill the Balrog, who was similar too.

2.) If not alone, could he use Sauron's ring and all other three elven rings with the Lady Galadriel to end this menace?

Whether Sauron is portrayed stronger or Gandalf that is not my complete question,i wanted to know what if Gandalf really tried with all other with/without the RING.

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If Gandalf had taken the ring for his own and used it and defeated Sauron himself, he would have become a new dark lord in place of Sauron and his overall task would be a failure anyway. – Todd Wilcox Feb 21 at 20:21
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Gandalf could beat him by 10 percent when counting on the fingers.... – Oldcat Feb 22 at 23:51
    
@amaretto yes,i will ask it as a new one. – kstb Feb 25 at 12:16
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@ibid Sharknado! – Rand al'Thor Feb 25 at 12:23
up vote 22 down vote accepted

Leaving aside the issue of the limitations placed on the Wizards (which may be more on the honour system than any real limitation), let's take a trip into speculation land; using the full power available to him, could Gandalf defeat Sauron in a direct confrontation?

Without the Ring? Doubtful

Gandalf himself certainly doesn't think so (emphasis mine):

I have spoken words of hope. But only of hope. Hope is not victory. War is upon us and all our friends, a war in which only the use of the Ring could give us surety of victory. It fills me with great sorrow and great fear: for much shall be destroyed and all may be lost. I am Gandalf, Gandalf the White, but Black is mightier still.'

The Two Towers Book III Chapter 5: "The White Rider"

And this is Gandalf the White, who had undergone an "enhancement" of his powers; it seems unlikely that Gandalf the Grey would have been more confident.

Additionally, as pointed out in Lord Bubbacub's answer, Gandalf lacked confidence in his abilities even when he was Olórin:

Manwë replied that he wished Olórin to go as the third messenger to Middle-earth (and it is remarked in parentheses that "Olórin was a lover of the Eldar that remained," apparently to explain Manwë's choice). But Olórin declared that he was too weak for such a task, and that he feared Sauron.

Unfinished Tales Part Four Chapter II: "The Istari"

None of which exactly inspires great confidence.

With the Ring? Possibly

Tolkien talks about this in his Letters; although he's coy on whether or not Gandalf could actually turn the Ring against Sauron, he does say that Gandalf would be one of the few for whom it would be a plausible goal:

Sauron would not have feared the Ring! It was his own and under his will. Even from afar he had an effect upon it, to make it work for its return to himself. In his actual presence none but very few of equal stature could have hoped to withhold it from him. Of 'mortals' no one, not even Aragorn.

[...]

Of the others only Gandalf might be expected to master him – being an emissary of the Powers and a creature of the same order, an immortal spirit taking a visible physical form. In the 'Mirror of Galadriel', 1381, it appears that Galadriel conceived of herself as capable of wielding the Ring and supplanting the Dark Lord. If so, so also were the other guardians of the Three, especially Elrond. But this is another matter. It was part of the essential deceit of the Ring to fill minds with imaginations of supreme power.

[...]

Confrontation of Sauron alone, unaided, self to self was not contemplated. One can imagine the scene in which Gandalf, say, was placed in such a position. It would be a delicate balance. On one side the true allegiance of the Ring to Sauron; on the other superior strength because Sauron was not actually in possession, and perhaps also because he was weakened by long corruption and expenditure of will in dominating inferiors. If Gandalf proved the victor, the result would have been for Sauron the same as the destruction of the Ring; for him it would have been destroyed, taken from him for ever.

The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien 246: To Mrs. Eileen Elgar (draft). September 1963

Assuming Gandalf was capable of turning the Ring against Sauron, he would have defeated him just as surely as had the Ring been destroyed. Of course, this would introduce whole new problems, but that's neither here not there

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Okay that is clear.Though tell me-Is the ring The One Ring or its sauron ring meaning is it some ring which is master of all whether sauron exist or not or "The ring is sauron and the sauron is the ring"(sauron's ring) that is to destroy one is to destroy another.In the latter case it will be impossible to use the ring against sauron whosoever have it? – kstb Feb 21 at 19:15
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@kstb I'm not sure I entirely understand your question, but the Ring and Sauron are connected, but are distinct entities. The Ring contains the greater part of Sauron's power, which is why its destruction weakens him to the point of impotence (it does not destroy him, but it eliminates him as an active entity in the world). But Tolkien suggests that you could achieve that same end by simply "severing the link", as it were, which is what Gandalf would theoretically do – Jason Baker Feb 21 at 19:24
    
I think that Gandalf has proven himself to be quite prone to underestimation. Especially in himself. He has taken on a fully powered Maiar (the balrog) with a severe handicap (he was in the form of a purposefully limited old man) -- and won. While I think your answer is right in the long run, the fact remains that he should have stood a chance without the Ring. – Axelrod Feb 25 at 17:24
    
up vote 14 down vote
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Even if they are the same kind, it doesn't mean one is as powerful as the other. Just like other creatures have differences in power and other attributes, Maiars have the same setting.

  1. Gandalf was forbidden+ by the Wizards's Charter from fighting Sauron. His duty was helping everybody else that was fighting him. So he could not kill him or take him down directly. Since the order came directly from the Valar, you cannot break it.
  2. Gandalf did not want to use (wear) the ring because he thought (feared) the ring would corrupt him. You are talking about Gandalf wearing Sauron's ring and Lady Galadriel use the other 3, right? I think Gandalf would not be able to keep it together because the examples and results of ring wearing are really bad:
    • Sauron himself - well, we all know how that ends
    • Isildur - wore it for a few years, invisibility and possessiveness
    • Deagol - never actually wore it, was killed shortly after he found it
    • Smeagol - wore it for hundreds of years, longevity, invisibility and possessiveness, small and mean evils
    • Bilbo - wore it for many decades, longevity, invisibility and possessiveness
    • Frodo - invisibility and possessiveness
    • Sam - wore it for a few days, invisibility, possessiveness, delusions of grandeur

+ In the ROTK, appendix B - under the heading "The Third Age", there is mention of this.

"It was afterwards said that they came out of the far west and were messengers sent to contest the power of Sauron, and to unite all those who had the will to resist him; but they were forbidden to match his power with power, or to seek to dominate Elves or Men by force or fear."

ADDITION: For kstb's comment below (because of character limitation, I'm putting it here)

Saruman's initial proposal to Gandalf:

"A new Power is rising. ... We may join with that Power. It would be wise, Gandalf. There is hope that way."

was subterfuge, a mere rhetorical device with which to start the conversation that eventually revealed Saruman's actual intent:

" '... why not Gandalf?' he whispered. 'Why not? The Ruling Ring? If we could command that, then the Power would pass to us. That is in truth why I brought you here. ' "

Saruman never had the slightest intention of joining Sauron. As Gandalf pointed out:

"... only one hand at a time can wield the One, and you know that well, so do not trouble to say we. ... the choices are, it seems, to submit to Sauron, or to yourself."

Saruman's unspoken intention for centuries was to possess the very talisman containing Sauron's power, his Ruling Ring. As he told the Witch-king of Angmar:

"I know what you seek, though you do not name it. I have it not, as surely its servants perceive without telling; for if I had it, then you would bow before me and call me Lord."

Saruman would have justified his actions as being entirely consistent with his commission from the Council of the Valar. After all, his actions were designed to thwart Sauron.

He was thinking deep, for his own benefit.

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If the Wizards were forbidden then how come Saruman plan to challenge Sauron who was considered wise and best of all five? – kstb Feb 21 at 14:40
    
@kstb Because Saruman wanted the ring for himself, his intentions were different. He was way beyond obeying orders. – apollo Feb 21 at 14:47
    
Yes,but he asked gandalf to join him to defeat sauron and live a better life with "knowledge and wisdom". – kstb Feb 21 at 14:54
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I got the point.Forgetting about rules was gandalf powerful enough that if allowed he would have defeated sauron.Also white one or the grey one. – kstb Feb 21 at 15:53
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@DarrelHoffman Gandalf said The Ring extended his life, and I trust his ring lore more than I trust yours, no offense. I suspect you haven't had a chance to travel to Gondor and translate the ancient scrolls yourself like Gandalf did. – Todd Wilcox Feb 21 at 20:41

Gandalf whose maiar name is Olorin was one of the weakest Maia as evidenced by this quote from the council of ainur in 'the unfinished tales':

It was resolved to send out three emissaries to Middle-earth. 'Who would go? For they must be mighty, peers of Sauron, but must forgo might, and clothe themselves in flesh so as to treat on equality and win the trust of Elves and Men. But this would imperil them, dimming their wisdom and knowledge, and confusing them with fears, cares, and weariness coming from the flesh.' But two only came forward: Curumo, who was chosen by Aulë, and Alatar, who was sent by Oromë. Then Manwë asked, where was Olórin? And Olórin... asked what Manwë would have of him. Manwë replied that he wished Olórin to go as the third messenger to Middle-earth... But Olórin replied that he was too weak for such a task, and that he feared Sauron. Then Manwë said that was all the more reason why he should go...

Given that Sauron was the most powerful of the Maia I think it is unlikely that Gandalf would have been able to best Sauron in direct combat. However one could argue that he did beat Sauron through the use of his mind by orchestrating the the events in the lord of the rings. Another issue is that the Valar had the power to crush Sauron at will just as they had the power to crush Melkor at the end of the first age - I think the point is that the host of Valinor was not meant to interfere with the destiny of the children of Iluvatar, sending the Istari was as close as they dared towards interfering in middle earth directly.

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If Gandalf the white and Gandalf the grey(who defeated Bolrog) were different and former is more powerful.Then,could he? – kstb Feb 21 at 14:43
    
I don't think Gandalf the white was any more powerful. Just different after having been resurrected/sent back to middle earth. – Lord Bubbacub Feb 21 at 14:45
    
wasn't he?According to characters in lotr he was.He asked saruman in isengard to come out and saruman obeyed him and so on. – kstb Feb 21 at 14:56
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+1 for a very interesting and relevant quote, but I don’t think it necessarily shows that Gandalf/Olórin was “one of the weakest Maia”. Gandalf’s humility and caution are a recurring theme of the books, and are especially contrasted with Saruman’s arrogance and pride. So just because Gandalf/Olórin said “I’m too weak, and fear Sauron” while Saruman/Curumo said “Awesome, I’m up for this task!” doesn’t necessarily imply Gandalf was actually any weaker. – PLL Feb 21 at 19:36
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@kstb "white > grey > balrog" says nothing about where Sauron would fall in that ordering. – chepner Feb 21 at 19:54

As a modest frame challenge, Gandalf did defeat Sauron.

He did it via his own gifts, which was in the inspiration of others to act in a particular direction and to use hope as a method, and to take large risks as a method. He was too wise to go into one-versus-one-duel against Sauron, since that wasn't using his own strength against the enemy's strength. That is the kind of fight Sauron wanted, and for that matter, the kind of fight Saruman wanted.

Gandalf used his strength against the enemy's weakness: pride. I am not sure if Tolkien intended this, but it is an illustration of using asymmetrical warfare against a powerful adversary. The Ring of Power that helped him do this was Narya, the Ring of Fire. (From the link)

In The Lord of the Rings, Gil-galad receives only Vilya, while Círdan receives Narya from the very beginning. In the Third Age Círdan gave the ring to Gandalf for his labours. It is described as having the power to inspire others to resist tyranny, as well as (in common with the other Three Rings) hiding the wielder from remote observation (except by the wielder of the One) and giving resistance to the weariness of time:

"Take this ring, master," he said, "for your labours will be heavy; but it will support you in the weariness that you have taken upon yourself. For this is the Ring of Fire, and with it you may rekindle hearts in a world that grows chill." ― Círdan the Shipwright

This is in stark contrast to the Power of the One Ring

The Ring's primary power was control of the other Rings of Power and domination of the wills of their users. (Carpenter, Humphrey, ed. (1981), The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, "Letter 131", p. 152,

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Gandalf is an equal to Sauron because they are of the same race. Many would claim that the one ring would help but it really is more complex. 1. Yes Sauron's body would be eternally destroyed but his soul still remains in the ring. 2. Gandalf and Saurons souls would the intermingle then fuse as one whole. 3. Now a new being is born Heru Nimthaur, the abominable white Lord.

Indeed, Sauron will be defeated but a new malice will take its place as hydra. Gandalf and Sauron will fuse forever.

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