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In Innocence (Buffy 2x14),

The Judge tries to burn Angel up, but is unable to because at that point Angel has no soul and there is "no humanity in him".

However, in Graduation Day (part 1) (Buffy 3x21)

It is stated that the Ascension is such a big problem because the Mayor will become a pure demon, whereas all other demons on Earth are demon/human hybrids.

If a vampire, as an earth bound demon, is a demon/human hybrid, how can there be no humanity in him?

Is there any other canon material that further explains the nature of Earth bound demons, and explains this dichotomy? I can speculate myself that it's something to do with physical nature versus nature of the soul, but I am specifically interested in any information from canon that explains this apparent discrepancy.

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I'm pretty sure it's a combination of different writers in different seasons and Whatever The Plot Needs, but I don't have anything to back up that assertion. –  BESW Apr 22 '13 at 10:41
    
That was certainly my thought too, but it's niggling at me as Whedon shows are usually pretty good on internal consistency, and I was hoping there might be some sort of attempt at post-hoc rationalisation. –  Christi Apr 22 '13 at 10:47
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I always interpreted the "no humanity" as a lack of anything "good" or "redeeming" about Angel. –  phantom42 Apr 22 '13 at 11:08
    
That sort of works. but there's no suggestion that the Judge's hatred for humanity was combined to the metaphysical. –  Christi Apr 22 '13 at 11:51
    
The Judge is likely using the definition of "humanity" that means "redeeming qualities and human virtues", not the one that means "the state of being a human", e.g., he's using "soul" and "humanity" to mean exactly the same thing. –  Michael Edenfield Apr 22 '13 at 16:49
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Outside of a few specific cases (like the Mayor), all demons in this dimension in modern times are human/demon hybrids. This is reiterated on both Buffy and Angel, and it's pretty easy to find quotes that support this. On the Buffy and Angel wiki:

The Old Ones were the first and most powerful of demons, lived on Earth during the Primordial Age where they were brought from their home dimensions by the Seed of Wonder. However, as time passed, new creatures began to appear on Earth, and the Old Ones either retreated to other dimensions or interbred with humans, thus weakening their powers through the generations. Demons native to Earth were not full demons, but had a percentage of human heritage. Full demons were native to other dimensions.

As a specific quote from the Episode "The Harvest," Giles says

This world is older than any of you know. Contrary to popular mythology, it did not begin as a paradise. For untold eons demons walked the Earth. They made it their home, their... their Hell. But in time they lost their purchase on this reality. The way was made for mortal animals, for, for man. All that remains of the old ones are vestiges, certain magicks, certain creatures.... The books tell the last demon to leave this reality fed off a human, mixed their blood. He was a human form possessed, infected by the demon's soul. He bit another, and another, and so they walk the Earth, feeding... Killing some, mixing their blood with others to make more of their kind. Waiting for the animals to die out, and the old ones to return.

I could keep stacking quotes on here, but this sums up how the deference between pure demons and hybrid demons is laid out in the Buffyverse.

So the question that needs to be answered, since it seems inconsistent with the canonical definition of demons as hybrids, is "Why doesn't the Judge see humanity in Angelus?" I think when you look at what the Judge actually did, and some quotes from the episodes, saying "burn the humanity" out of someone was a little too general. In fact, Angel, before turning, described the legend of the Judge:

It's a legend. Way before my time. Of a demon brought forth to rid the earth of the plague of humanity. To separate the righteous from the wicked... And burn the righteous down. They called him the Judge.

You'll notice that he talks about separating the wicked from the righteous, not separating humanity from demons. Giles also later notes

His touch can literally burn the humanity out of you. A true creature of evil can survive the process. No human ever has.

And we can take a look at demons the Judge incinerated, or wanted to incinerate:

  • Spike and Dru, for having affection for each other
  • Dalton for having a love of knowledge

The Judge's power only works if somebody has righteous qualities, like love or compassion. This is what is meant by "humanity." When Angelus showed up at the factory after losing his soul, he was devoid of any righteous qualities and back to being a creature of pure evil. Honestly, the Buffy and Angel wiki sums this whole thing up better than I could:

The Judge's main power was to "burn the humanity" out of a person. The "humanity" in question wasn't the presence of a soul in the victim, but the emotional capacity of the Judge's target. While Spike and Drusilla were vulnerable because they shared affection for each other, Angelus wasn't, as he was truly wicked, incapable of love, "clean" before the Judge's eyes.

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Demons inhabiting human bodies (vampires). There's a quote in another episode where it's stated that your soul leaves and is replaced when you become a vampire (though another character says that's not completely correct).

Demons in demon bodies (the Mayor)

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The quote about demons being demon human hybrids applied specifically to all demons, vampire and non-vampire, present on earth (presumably including The Judge himself), so I'm afraid this doesn't explain anything. –  Christi Apr 22 '13 at 12:08
    
It explains the stated difference between a vampire and the mayor. It does not neccessairily explain other demons but I had hoped it would give a launching point for such information. I could speculate beyond that, but I could not support in cannon; so chose not to. –  JerryLove Apr 22 '13 at 12:11
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