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Would the ancient dark spell that Wormtail carried out for Voldemort have still worked if Voldemort had not created Horcuxes?

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On one hand, yes, in that no Horcruxes were used in the creation of the resurrection potion used by Voldemort at the end of Goblet of Fire to recreate his body. On the other hand, had Voldemort not created his Horcruxes, he would have been killed by his own Avada Kedavra curse when it rebounded from Harry and hit Voldemort when Voldemort tried to kill Harry when Harry was a baby. In that event, Voldemort would have been dead and the events at the end of Goblet of Fire would never have come to pass. So in this instance presumably no, because Voldemort would not have survived to get to the point of resurrecting his body. But the potion did not require a Horcrux to be created; if Voldemort somehow had managed to survive his first encounter with Harry, even though he had no Horcruxes, and had managed to make it all the way to the events of Goblet of Fire, then the potion should have worked exactly the same.

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So does the potion require the target to be alive? – ike Jan 21 '14 at 16:18
@ike Yes, you can't bring the dead back using magic (that's one of the underlying points of the last book). It also seemed to require him to have a (rudimentary) body, which in turn required that there be a part of his soul anchored to the living world (which is what his Horcruxes did for him). – Anthony Grist Jan 21 '14 at 16:57
"On one hand" hahaha, I see what you did there. – user1027 Jan 21 '14 at 19:04
So who was the "ancient spell" intended for? Only someone who had a Horcrux? Harry was the only one known to survive the Killing Curse. – ike Jan 22 '14 at 12:22
I thought part of the spell is that you do something "dark" and it gives you a body, that would seem not to require you to have one before. I'll try to look up the relevant passages. – ike Jan 22 '14 at 12:23

If we phrase that spell as a spell that took a surviving piece of Voldemort's soul and used it to reconstruct Voldemort, then it's essentially the restoring of a backup.

Had Voldemort never actually created any backups, there would have been nothing to restore, so it's not that the spell wouldn't have worked, but that no-one would've even tried to use it.

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