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In the third movie Marty finds the Delorean in the mine and travels from 1955 back to 1885 to rescue Doc Brown. However once they establish that petrol hasn't been invented and won't be for a long time yet, why doesn't it occur to them to simply go to the mine where Doc left the car and empty the tank from the Delorean to the car Marty brought back in time. They would both exist. I know it would then ruin the film but isn't it obvious and wouldn't Doc think of this seeing as its only been relatively months since he put the car in the mine?

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It's the same car. I believe it's called a "Bootstrap Paradox" or an ontological paradox. Once the Delorean travels back from 1955 to 1885 it no longer exists in the mine. –  Monty129 Feb 21 at 21:45
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That isn't true in BttF. At the end of the first movie Marty watches himself go back in time, in the same DeLorean he had just gotten out of a few minutes before. So for that small time there existed two of the same DeLorean in 1985. –  Xantec Feb 21 at 21:48
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There's nothing inherently paradoxical about two differently-aged versions of of the same object existing in the same time period. The bootstrap paradox refers to an object whose history forms a closed loop with no origin, like the one with the watch in "Somewhere in Time" discussed here: friesian.com/paradox.htm –  Hypnosifl Feb 21 at 22:08
    
I seem to have misinterpreted the looping nature of the paradox then, my apologies. –  Monty129 Feb 21 at 22:20
    
For the record, a high-performance engine won't run well (or at all) on fuel that's been allowed to oxidise for more than 6-12 months. –  Richard Feb 22 at 17:01
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up vote 6 down vote accepted

Per hypnosifl's comment, Robert Zemeckis covered this specific point in a Q+A session in 1993 for the "Hill Valley Telegraph Issue #8"

"Interviewer: In 1885, when Marty tells Doc they're out of gas; why don't they just go to the Delgado Mine, dig up the DeLorean where Doc hid it and get the gas out of it?

Zemeckis Answer : "There are two logical answers to this one…

The car mechanic's answer: As anyone who has stored an automobile for a long period of time can tell you, you always drain all of the fluids out of the car before putting it into storage. Doc most certainly would have drained the gas out of the DeLorean if he was going to leave it hidden for 70 years. At the 1955 drive-in, Doc specifically says "I put gas in the tank" indicating that the DMC must have had an empty tank when they found it in the mine.

The time travel theory answer: Even if Doc had not drained the tank, he still would not have gone back into the mine for fear of creating a time paradox by accidentally damaging the DeLorean, the mine, or who knows what. After all, since Marty is now back in 1885, Doc's plan obviously worked, and worked perfectly. But what if Doc were to go back into the mine and accidentally cause a cave-in that causes even more damage to the DeLorean? What happens to the future of that DeLorean, when it's unearthed in 1955? And what might that do to Marty and the undamaged future DeLorean now in 1885? As an analogy, imagine a time traveler going back in time, finding himself as a child, and cutting off that child's hand with a meat cleaver. What happens to the adult time-traveler's hand? That would definitely risk a time paradox, and we know that Doc would never go out of his way to risk such a thing for fear of (in the worst case scenario) unraveling the fabric of the space-time continuum and destroying the entire universe.*

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Did you retype all that? –  Xantec Feb 22 at 14:33
    
@xantec - No, I found a transcribed version and copied it over –  Richard Feb 22 at 14:45
    
It might be nice to include a link to the source. –  Xantec Feb 22 at 14:52
    
@Xantec - Your wish is my command –  Richard Feb 22 at 16:56
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At the point that Marty went back to rescue Doc in 1885, the Delorean had already been sealed up in the mine. As part of putting a vehicle in storage for 70 years, Doc would no-doubt have drained all fluids including gasoline since those would degrade and gum up sitting for that long. We are shown that Doc had some fore-sight into the effects of storage, as he put the vehicle up on blocks to account for the tires rotting away in that time, so we can assume he was familiar with other aspects of long-term storage of vehicles.

While not shown on screen, Doc and Marty certainly had to give the engine fresh oil and gas as part of getting it ready to travel again after digging it out in 1955.

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And while Doc most likely saved the fluids, IIRC it had been a few months since Doc arrived in 1885, so he likely already used whatever gasoline there was. –  Xantec Feb 21 at 21:46
    
So what he just chucked the petrol he drained from the car? If he had great foresight he wouldn't have let Marty go back from 1955 to 1885 without plenty of petrol and would not have disposed of a valuable substance when he was in 1885. –  Pompom78 Feb 21 at 21:47
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@Pompom78 No, I doubt he chucked it. But he likely used it in setting up his blacksmith business. As for not sending Marty back with plenty of fuel, they probably filled the tank before he left, but that all would have been lost when the fuel line broke. And since they weren't planning on a long road trip on 1885, why bring a fuel can? –  Xantec Feb 21 at 21:50
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I don't think either 1955 Doc nor Marty thought it would be anything more than a quick trip to pick up 1885 Doc and return. Neither counted on ripping a hole in the fuel line. –  Monty129 Feb 21 at 21:51
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The notion that Doc drained the tank is also the answer given in the official BTTF FAQ, where answers to common questions were provided by Bob Gale and Robert Zemeckis (they also mention a second issue where Doc would be afraid to dig up the DeLorean for fear of accidentally damaging it and creating a paradox): bttf.wikidot.com/official-bttf-faq#toc19 –  Hypnosifl Feb 21 at 22:05
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