In addition to the ones posted by @joshbirk, there are other Federation space stations.
Star Base 375 - This was the staging ground of the Federation counter attack against the Dominion following the withdrawal from Deep Space 9. This model Starbase appears to have also served as a basis for prison bases on a couple occasions. Starbase 173 and Starbase 257 also are based on this model.
Utopia Planitia - A large Federation construction facility. Notably, the Galaxy, Intrepid and Defiant classes were designed, tested and constructed here. Additionally, within this cluster of stations, there are several different models (a McKinley station is noticeable, multiple dry docks and at least 3 'bubble' stations are are probably administration/defense (speculation on my part) )
Star Base 74 - This is based on the Spacedock model. It appears to serve the same purpose of star ship repair/maintenance, as the Enterprise-D docked here for computer upgrades. Star Base 84 is also a Spacedock type star base.
Starbase 234 - This is similar to the Mckinley Station type stations.