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I'm curious. In the movies, they wore ties and really nice shirts, but I don't think that's how it was in the books?

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Magical briefs? – Max Apr 11 '14 at 16:58
Since Hogwarts draws on the old, British college system like Oxford and Cambridge I would speculate they have to wear "subfusc" like is worn there, which is apparently a suit, shirt, tie. etc. Whether this is supported by the books or not I don't know. It probably explains why they selected that for the movies at least. – Lawton Apr 11 '14 at 17:12
@lawton more like Eton, Oxford and Cambridge are universities. Rowling herself didn't go to a posh school, so she was just guessing all the details. – Gaius Apr 11 '14 at 19:11
up vote 36 down vote accepted

In the books, there's basically no mention of wizards wearing anything under their robes other than underpants (or in extreme cases nothing at all).

Order of the Phoenix

Snape was hanging upside-down in the air, his robes falling over his head to reveal skinny, pallid legs and a pair of greying underpants.

Prisoner of Azkaban

Harry took off his black school robes, removed his wand from his pocket, and stuck it inside the T-shirt he was going to wear under his Quidditch robes

Deathly Hallows (edited by me for brevity)

She led them down a side street, then into the shelter of a shadowy alleyway. ‘When you say you’ve got the Cloak, and clothes …’ said Harry, frowning at Hermione, who was carrying nothing except her small beaded handbag, in which she was now rummaging. ‘Yes, they’re here,’ said Hermione, and to Harry and Ron’s utter astonishment, she pulled out a pair of jeans, a sweatshirt, some maroon socks and, finally, the silvery Invisibility Cloak.

Ron, hurry up and change …’....‘When did you do all this?’ Harry asked, as Ron stripped off his robes....‘You’re amazing, you are,’ said Ron, handing her his bundled-up robes....

[note the lack of mention of him covering his little wizard while he changed]

Goblet of Fire

Harry, Ron and Hermione joined it, right behind a pair of men who were having a heated argument. One of them was a very old wizard who was wearing a long flowery nightgown. The other was clearly a Ministry wizard; he was holding out a pair of pinstriped trousers and almost crying with exasperation. ‘Just put them on, Archie, there’s a good chap, you can’t walk around like that, the Muggle on the gate’s already getting suspicious –’ ‘I bought this in a Muggle shop,’ said the old wizard stubbornly. ‘Muggles wear them.’ ‘Muggle women wear them, Archie, not the men, they wear these,’ said the Ministry wizard, and he brandished the pinstriped trousers. ‘I’m not putting them on,’ said old Archie in indignation. ‘I like a healthy breeze round my privates, thanks.’

I personally like to think that Hermione is wearing this under her robes, but that's just me.

UPDATE : It has been pointed out to me that in the French version of the novels, Ron is wearing a "pantalon" (e.g. pleated slacks) under his robe:

ses chaussures et le bas de son pantalon - Harry Potter a L'ecole Des Sorciers

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Pantalon mean trousers (edit) pants for non British English speakers. – Reuben Mallaby May 24 at 11:58

There is one canonical mention of Hogwarts school ties, in Wonderbook: Book of Spells

If you were brought up in a wizarding family with House-Elves, then you may feel that using your magic to clean up after yourself is in some way beneath you. But rest assured, the first time you need to get a Stinksap stain out of a school tie without your House-Elf there to help you, you will be grateful you learnt the Scouring Charm.
(Wonderbook: Book of Spells - Chapter 3)

The content for Wonderbook: Book of Spells was written by JK Rowling.

Wonderbook: Book of Spells is an enchanted book that brings spells to life around you, and includes new writing from J.K. Rowling, such as spell descriptions and stories from the wizarding world.

Granted it doesn't specify Hogwarts, and it is technically possible that Miranda Goshawk was writing for one if the other ten magical schools.

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Goshawk's book is quite old. It's reasonable to assume that Hogwarts uniforms will have changed since it was written – Valorum Feb 26 at 7:19
@Richard the famous wizard card does say that she was born in 1921. :) – ibid Feb 26 at 7:31
So potentially she could have been referring to the uniform in the 1960s onward – Valorum Feb 26 at 9:08

A bit of a necro, but i read it as just underwear as well specifically round the point of the polyjuice potion in chamber of secrets, they specifically don't steal crab and goyle's clothes, but they do snag extra big robes. Also, they ask for privacy changing on the train in the first book, if the robes were similar to the picture, they could have just put the robes on around their clothing.

I think the robes are like monk robes and less like bath robe in design.

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