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We know that Edain are the Men, as a species, and Dunedain the High Men from Númenor. We see sometimes Dunadan used to refer to a singular male like Aragorn, thus having Adan for any singular human male..

Is there a word for a woman of this race?

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8  
They have no women of their own. That's why the poach them from Elves :) –  DVK May 15 at 18:28
    
@DVK Yes, Tar-Ancalimë was quite masculine :D –  Envite May 15 at 18:34

2 Answers 2

up vote 9 down vote accepted

The word is Dunadaneth.

This is sourced from the Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth, published in HoME10, Morgoth's Ring, where in the course of the conversation Finrod says:

That is the bitterness, beloved adaneth, woman of Men, is it not?

This is consistent with a note in Quendi and Eldar (HoME11) where the m. and f. forms of Sindarin Edhel, "Elf", are given as Ellon, Elleth, and -on, -eth are noted to be gender-specific suffixes.

Adan > Adaneth therefore didn't undergo the same contraction that we see in Edhel > Elleth, and with Dunadan just being a compound of Dun-, "west" and -adan, "Man" (i.e gender-neutral "human", not "male": Dunadan is therefore a gender-neutral form), and although Dunadaneth is not recorded, it is the form it would have taken. Dunadanon would presumably be the gender-specific male form.

I'm not aware of any gender-specific plural forms (there may even be none, although Dunedanyn and Dunedanyth seem to fit Sindarin plural-formation), nor am I aware of any indication of what the Quenya equivalents would have looked like.

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Interestingly, Q&E also notes that Dunedain dates back to the First Age and was used when referring to the Edain in Beleriand (Q was Nunatani). Presumably it was just subsequently taken up by the Numenoreans. Speculate all you want about the -eth in Athrabeth and Andreth. –  Darth Satan May 16 at 0:08
    
I've removed my answer in light of this far-superior information. :) –  Martha May 16 at 0:37
    
@Martha - I think you should leave it because it contains useful information (specifically the emphasis that Dunadan/Dunedain are gender-neutral). –  Darth Satan May 16 at 0:41
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@Martha your answer was interesting, it was just not truly answering the question. I think it is important that you leave it again as it corresponds to the same thinking other people can have in the future when looking at the question. –  Envite May 16 at 13:05
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OK, OK, I've undeleted my answer. –  Martha Jun 16 at 21:01

Given Tolkien's era and his use of language, I'd imagine the word for female Dunedain would be, drumroll please... Dunedain.

(Hint: the "men" in "High Men from Númenor" doesn't mean "persons possessing a Y chromosome". It means "members of the human race, rather than, say, elves". Yes, I know people nowadays object to this usage, but in my book, that's just as silly as objecting to the word "history" because it happens to contain the sequence of letters "h-i-s".)

As for the "singular=Dunadan" bit, that's a bit of a misinterpretation: it's still the word for a person of a particular race, not a person of a particular gender. Think humans vs. human, not men vs. man. The word for a single male Dunedain is man, and the word for a single female Dunedain is woman.

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You have not addressed the main point of the question, which is not about Dunedain (plural) but about Dunadan (singular). I can talk about Man as a species, no problem with that, but I will not call my mother a Man. –  Envite May 15 at 18:45
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"Adan" is just singular of "Edain", both Sindarin and ultimately derived from Quenya "Atan"/"Atani". The Sindarin plural-formation used here is different to the Quenya; think "mouse"/"mice" versus "house"/"houses", for example. If referring to females specifically there are suitable words such as "wen" (which is actually species-neutral), but "edain"/"adan" and not gender-specific, so the singular for a non-gender-specific word is also a non-gender-specific word. –  Darth Satan May 15 at 19:27
    
For a "real world" parallel, consider Latin "homo", which was a masculine-gender word, but which meant (at least in classical Latin) "human being". –  Matt Gutting May 15 at 22:32

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