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According to the poem:

Three Rings for the Elven-kings under the sky,
Seven for the Dwarf-lords in their halls of stone,
Nine for Mortal Men doomed to die,
One for the Dark Lord on his dark throne
In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.
One Ring to rule them all. One Ring to find them,
One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them
In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.

This implies that the One Ring has power over the other ring bearers? I'm not fully knowledgeable about the state of the other rings in the setting of the Lord of the Rings trilogy but I'm under the impression that 9 rings were worn by the Nazgûls were already under the power of Sauron? The rings given to the dwarves were lost. The rings owned by the elves could have been destroyed or safely hidden so to avoid being used by anyone?

Why was it imperative that the One Ring be destroyed if it's control over the other ring bearers would be negligible?

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The 9 rings were given to men who were then corrupted by the one ring and turned into the Ringwraiths. The three Elven rings were still in use actually Elrond wore one and so did Galadriel, Gandalf actually owned the third but did not wear it. The One ring would also corrupt anyone by seducing them with the idea of power so they would wear it. This is why all the powerful beings of middle earth refused to wear it or bear it even to mount doom i.e gandalf, elrond and even galadriel refused the offer. Boromir was more than tempted by the ring into an act of evil. – CandiedMango Jun 4 '14 at 15:31
up vote 29 down vote accepted

The control that the One Ring has over the others is significant but that's not the real reason why it must be destroyed.

If we look at Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age, in The silmarillion, we'll see the reason why the One Ring was made and the reason why it must be destroyed:

And much of the strength and will of Sauron passed into that One Ring; for the power of the Elven-rings was very great, and that which should govern them must be a thing of surpassing potency; and Sauron forged it in the Mountain of Fire in the Land of Shadow. And while he wore the One Ring he could perceive all the things that were done by means of the lesser rings, and he could see and govern the very thoughts of those that wore them.

A key part of this is the statement that much of the strength and will of Sauron passed into that One Ring.

From there it's obvious: destroy the One Ring and you also destroy that part of Sauron's power that he put into it. Sauron as a result is greatly diminished, and is no longer able to act as a material threat to the world.

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Did they know that destroying it would also destroy the 'Eye tower'? I forget the name. That'd be more reason for not the only reason mind you. Great answer again. – CandiedMango Jun 4 '14 at 15:51
@Simon - I don't have the exact quote to hand but there is text that says that all work accomplished with the aid of the Ring would also be undone. Barad-dur was originally built in the Second Age before the Rings were made, but was destroyed during the Last Alliance and rebuilt in the late Third Age. The "eye tower" is a movie conceit and has no basis in the books. – user8719 Jun 4 '14 at 15:57
Watched the movies first then read the books well now reading the books so I think I probably attributed one tower or construct to being the 'eye tower' :P silly me. – CandiedMango Jun 4 '14 at 16:33
The foundations of the Dark Tower were built with the power of the One Ring. They could not be destroyed while the Ring lasted, even when Barad-Dûr was sacked in the Last Alliance. Destroy it and you destroy the foundations. – Ber May 7 at 4:25

The One Ring would:

  • Solidify the control of the Ringwraiths and empower them toward greater evil than they were already capable of.

  • Prevent the use of the 3 Elven rings because as long as Sauron had the One Ring, no one would consider using the 3 in any way for fear of being controlled, manipulated and eventually taken over as a powerful remote under Sauron's control.

  • It would return a great deal of Sauron's capacity and power to him, since he bound much of his fea (spiritual energies) within the One Ring.

Destroying it ensured he would never have access to that power again and would go from being one of the strongest powers in Middle Earth to fading away to nothing.

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This is a good answer, would be great to see some quotations to support it. – EleventhDoctor Jul 14 '15 at 15:39

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