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After the downfall of Voldemort, what happened to the Death Eaters?

They committed many crimes, including mass murder and torture. Nothing in the books made mention of their punishments. What happened?

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Well, I don't see why wouldn't the same thing happen as before: last time, the Ministry did persecute as many Death Eaters as it could. And they had trials. Some worked their way out, like Lucius - but I doubt the same trick would work twice. Serves them well for being so incompetent serving their lord and master. – Voldemort Jun 5 '14 at 3:59
I'm fairly sure they were imprisoned (except the Malfoys). – Kevin Jun 5 '14 at 4:00
@Kevin: Why not Lucius? – Voldemort Jun 5 '14 at 4:01
@Voldemort..because they helped harry at the end.So they were changed. – Mani Jun 5 '14 at 4:21
@Voldemort Near the end of the last book, Narcissa had to check if Harry was still alive after getting 'killed' by Voldemort. She lied to Voldemort, even though she could just as well have told him the truth. Starting from book six, the Malfoys aren't very happy with their situation and are probably only following Voldemort (the other one, not you - I hope :P) because he threatened to kill them. – Andreas Jun 5 '14 at 8:18
up vote 17 down vote accepted

Imprisoned in Azkaban.

In Pottermore, The Malfoy Family gives a hint about what happened in the aftermath of the war:

Abraxas’s son, Lucius, achieved notoriety as one of Lord Voldemort's Death Eaters, though he successfully evaded prison after both Lord Voldemort's attempted coups. On the first occasion, he claimed to have been acting under the Imperius Curse (though many claimed he called in favours from high-placed Ministry officials); on the second occasion, he provided evidence against fellow Death Eaters and helped ensure the capture of many of Lord Voldemort's followers who had fled into hiding. His son, Draco, was saved by Harry Potter during the Battle of Hogwarts, and currently resides at the family estate in Wiltshire.

So we have the capture (and presumably imprisonment) of high-ranking Death Eaters, but the Malfoys escaped prison for collusion. This was corroborated by a post-Deathly Hallows Bloomsbury web chat:

Georgina: Did Lucius Malfoy, and all the other escaped Death Eaters, go back to Azkaban?

JKR: No, the Malfoys weaseled their way out of trouble (again) due to the fact that they colluded (albeit out of self-interest) with Harry at the end of the battle.

JK Rowling said in a 2007 interview with NBC that Harry and Ron “utterly revolutionised” the Aurors, and presumably Ministry justice systems. In Draco’s case, I think Harry saw the capacity for remorse, and might have been willing to offer Draco a second chance.

ETA: One thing that’s clear from the top of the astronomy tower is that Draco is being coerced, not acting out of free will. I think the film showed this best (although the book has a very similar passage):

Dumbledore: “Years ago, I knew a boy who made all the wrong choices. Please let me help you.”

Malfoy: “I don’t want your help. Don’t you understand? I have to do this. I have to kill you… or he’s gonna kill me.”

I think this adds to the idea that Harry would want to give Draco a second chance.

I don’t know exactly what form Ministry justice took post-Voldemort. I’m sure Harry would have ensured that execution was off-the-table (in the spirit of Moody and Dumbledore, if nothing else). From the same Bloomsbury chat:

Steph: Will Azkaban still use Dementors?

JKR: No, definitely not. Kingsley would see to that. The use of Dementors was always a mark of the underlying corruption of the Ministry, as Dumbledore constantly maintained.

So we can infer that Azkaban was still used as a prison, with more humane measures than before. That would be where most of the Death Eaters ended up.

And from the same chat again, we learn that it wasn’t just fully paid-up Death Eaters who got this treatment:

Pablo: What is toadface Umbridge doing now?

JKR: Glad to see you like her as much as I do! She was arrested, interrogated and imprisoned for crimes against Muggle-borns.

I would imagine that Harry, Ron and Hermione all pushed hard for this legislation and retribution (and took particular pride when Umbridge was convicted).

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How do you guys keep an eye on what JKR says in every interview? – Awal Garg Jun 5 '14 at 10:35

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