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I recently found out about the war of Arnor vs Angmar, and was pretty shocked to learn that the Witch-king basically wiped the floor with the Dúnedain kingdom... I mean he's basically the sole reason Aragorn wanders around like a homeless person.

So with what army did the Witch-king defeat Arnor? Orcs? Men? Sorcery? Did he ever go to battle himself? Did he do this for laughs or by Sauron's orders?

How powerful was the Witch-king at this point, compared to in the Fellowship of the Ring and Return of the King? Were the other Nazgul with him in this war?

And it doesn't even matter to me if all of the 8 Nazgul were with him, even if they all had their Rings of Power, and even if they had the largest of armies of Orcs, Men, Elves, Dwarves or even dragons (yes I'm exaggerating at this point), but just how do you defeat a kingdom full of Dúnedain?

We have all seen what Aragorn is capable of doing, so how do you defeat a kingdom worth of Aragorns?

And if it is not much to ask, does anyone know where I can read all about this war and more about the Witch-king? so far all I read about it was from the Internet, wikis, forums and alike, I'd like to read it from the source.

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Just because the leaders of a Kingdom are of Numenor blood doesn't mean the whole kingdom is. Gondor's line of kings failed thought the kingdom did not. In Arnor, the line survived though the kingdom fell. –  Oldcat Jun 6 '14 at 23:13

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Keep in mind that in The Fellowship Of The Ring, Gandalf tells Frodo,

On foot even Glorfindel and Aragorn together could not withstand all the Nine at once.

(Fellowship of the Ring, Book II, Chapter 1)

Αnd Glorfindel is considerably more powerful than Aragorn. Furthermore, Aragorn with the Rohirrim is very nearly defeated by the combined army of Orcs and Men at Helm's Deep; they are saved only by the timely return of Erkenbrand and the intervention of the Huorns.

You can read more about the war itself in Appendix A, in the section "The North-kingdom and the Dunedain".

As far as "The Witch-king and what army?" we're told in that section,

[Angmar] lay on both sides of the [Misty] Mountains, and there were gathered many evil men, and Orcs, and other fell creatures. The lord of that land was known as the Witch-king ... who came north with the purpose of destroying the Dunedain in Arnor, seeing hope in their disunion, while Gondor was strong.

So, I'd say, there was a mix of forces that were used to overwhelm Rhudaur, and Arthedain, and ultimately Arnor; and the Witch-king did this (as he did everything) to further Sauron's interest, although whether it was at Sauron's direct orders is not specified.

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Arnor split into the three separate kingdoms of Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur in TA 861. The Witch King founded Angmar around 1300, and picked off the three kingdoms one by one. By 1356 he had all but subjugated Rhudaur, which had few Dunedain and was nearest to Angmar. In 1409 'a great host' issued from Angmar and destroyed Cardolan. In 1974 the Witch King himself led another attack in which Arthedain was destroyed. It's also worth noting that the expeditionary force which smashed the Witch King's army was fairly 'small' by Gondor's standards.

So, there weren't that many Dunedain in the North, and they were disunited. The Witch King could call on subtantial numbers of orcs and hillmen. He may also have had support from the orcs of the Misty Mountains; the distance from Angmar to Mount Gundabad is not great.

(Sources are LOTR appendices A & B.)

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+1 for the details, which I kind of slid past in my answer :-) –  Matt Gutting Jun 7 '14 at 13:41

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