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Very early in Frozen, we see that

Anna's hair has a single streak of blonde through it, to signify the effects that young Elsa's accident has had on her memories of their childhood fun with her Ice Magic together.

At the end of the movie,

The undying love between the two sisters causes her to become completely unfrozen, and we even see the strand of hair is now red as it was in the beginning.

Does this mean that the character has regained their memories?

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You might wish to reconsider your accepted answer in light of @AlliterativeAlice's "Word of God" find on twitter –  Richard Sep 15 at 6:03
@Richard Agreed. Alice put in some very impressive work for that answer. :) –  Zibbobz Sep 22 at 13:53

3 Answers 3

up vote 18 down vote accepted

Anna doesn't regain her memories during the movie. Frozen's writer/director Jennifer Lee has confirmed this on Twitter:

enter image description here

Since "Elsa filled her in," Anna would know that her memory of skating with Elsa was a false one, even though she didn't have her old memories back.

Additionally, a follow-up book is going to deal with Anna trying to get back her lost memories:

After years apart, Anna and Elsa are finally getting to know each other as sisters. But Anna still wishes she could remember the magical times they had together when they were younger--skating and making snowmen, even in the middle of summer! An eager young troll claims he can restore the memories that Pabbie removed, but Elsa's not so sure. Maybe it's time to make new memories!

Whether she'll regain her lost memories in the upcoming book remains to be seen.

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How canon are the follow-up books? –  Richard Sep 14 at 22:23
@Richard They're approved by Disney (they would be illegal otherwise.) But are published by Random House (not Disney's press, Hyperion Books.) I guess people will have to decide for themselves how canon that makes them. –  AlliterativeAlice Sep 14 at 22:42
There's some excellent sleuthing here. You have my +1. As far as I'm concerned a 'Word of God' answer is the greater find. –  Richard Sep 14 at 22:44

The accident did not cause Anna's memory loss. The troll king removed Anna's memories of magic. There is no evidence that, after thawing, Anna regained those memories.

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As @AlliterativeAlice has pointed out, a recent twitter discussion with Jennifer Lee, the film's Writer and Director has confirmed that Anna's memories have not been returned by the end of the film. In light of this, we can assume that the events in the final scene do prove that she must have been told that her memories were falsified.

Michelle Gray : Hello! I would like to know whether Anna got her original childhood memories back after she "thawed"? :-)

Jennifer Lee : No, they had been completely removed. Elsa filled her in, though, I'm sure.

Shortly after being struck in the head, Grand Pabbie converts Anna's memory of dancing in the hall (without skates) into a memory of her and Elsa ice-skating. The memory itself is fake which neatly sets up the final scene.

enter image description here

When Anna and Elsa are in the Courtyard in the final scene, Elsa creates a set of beautiful ice skates for Anna:

Elsa then waves her hand and magical ice skates (literally made of ice) form on Anna’s boots.

ANNA : What? Oh, Elsa, they’re beautiful, but you know I don’t ska[te]

Elsa grabs Anna’s hands and pulls her along on the ice. Anna slips and slides, but laughs in delight.

The only way Anna could know that Elsa knows they've never really been skating, is if she knows that her memories have been falsified.

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Or it could simply be the Anna has repeated passed up chances to skate in recent years, or those chances have been denied to her. I used to go camping, but have since stopped. I could see myself telling my family, "I don't camp." A common turn of phrase shouldn't be read into too deeply. –  Jeff Jun 20 at 21:30
@jeff - The memory is very clear. Both of them skating confidently on ice. –  Richard Jun 20 at 21:31
So? I have very clear memories of camping. I still tell my family "I don't camp". There's nothing in the movie which indicates she regains her true memories, just that she learns that her memories have been altered. –  Jeff Jun 21 at 1:23
@jeff - Ah, but Elsa should know that. That's the key, she tells Elsa "you know I can't skate" –  Richard Jun 21 at 6:54
Don't is very distinctly different than can't, and it's reasonable to think that she would stop skating since her one and only childhood skating partner, Elsa, hasn't gone skating with her in over ten years. –  Zibbobz Jun 22 at 0:47

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