A collection of J. R. R. Tolkien's works edited and published posthumously by his son Christopher Tolkien in 1977 which describe (incompletely) the universe in which Middle Earth is found

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What were the treacherous gifts Melkor gave to his followers?

In the Simarillion it says that many Maiar were drawn to Melkor in his splendour and others he corrupted with treacherous gifts. What were these gifts?
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Is there any hint that some of the beings in Tolkien's lore may have survived into “our” times?

In Tolkien's lore, they are many very old beings. Is there any indication that some or even one would have been truly immortal and survived into what we would call "our" history or Age? Galadriel, ...
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Tuor, Beren and Luthien - the gifts of Mortality and Immortality from Eru vs the Valar

According to the legendarium It was a tradition under the Eldar and Edain that they [Idril and Tuor] arrived in Valinor, and that Tuor alone of Men was counted among the Eldar, immortal as other ...
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Why did Fëanor refuse to give even one of the Silmarils to Yavanna to revive the trees?

Right near the beginning Of the Flight of the Noldor: Yavanna spoke before the Valar, saying: "The Light of the Trees has passed away, and lives now only in the Silmarils of Fëanor. Foresighted ...
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Significance of the name “Lorien”

In B5 Lorien is the name of a member of a very old (possibly the oldest) race in the galaxy. Though he can choose to appear humanoid he actually is more of a energy-field. He is very powerful and ...
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What does JRR Tolkien say about the Elves (and other non-Human Races) and Free Will?

The Simarillion has the following to say about Men and their specialness: Therefore he willed that the hearts of Men should seek beyond the world and should find no rest therein; but they should ...
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Why is “the time of elves” considered to be over?

From the movie series, it seems obvious that the civilization of Elves, once great and important, is declining. Their numbers keep reducing and they retreat into some remote islands and in general ...
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Learning Quenya and/or Sindarin

If someone wanted to learn to speak Tolkien's Elvish languages (Quenya and Sindarin) is there a guide to how to go about doing so? Are there any authoritative sources regarding which language should ...
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Have any of the lesser rings made by the Elves, beside the 20 Rings of Power, been shown or named?

The lesser rings were forged by the elves as essays in the craft of ring making. These rings were made sometime between S.A. 1200, when Sauron came in disguise to Eregion, and 1500, when they began ...
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273 views

Source for info on Middle-Earth's 'Real World' Geographic counterpart

I recently came across a particular essay by the author of The Last Ringbearer, which states: The Middle Earth has several built-in physical defects, and there’s no getting away from that. In his ...
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Sam's apparent invisibility to Sauron [duplicate]

How come Sauron wasn't able to detect Sam in the last chapter of The Two Towers? I'm pretty sure he wore it longer than Frodo in Amon Hen, and Frodo was detected in the latter, was he not? Plus, Sam ...
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How strong were the Maiar, physically speaking?

Is there any mention of it anywhere? As strong as humans? As strong as orcs? Stronger, perhaps?
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Sauron's sight details?

I am aware that the "Eye of Sauron" in Peter Jackson's movies was not Sauron's actual physical form. What the answers at 'Was the "Eye of Sauron" Sauron's actual physical form?' don't ...
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Gandalf, Sauron and Saruman names and nicknames

Assuming Gandalf was the wisest of the maiar, why was Saruman known as the wise, rather than it being Gandalf? Also, what are the real names (maiar names) of all these three (Sauron, Saruman and ...
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Is there anything in Lord of the Rings that could have survived into our age? [duplicate]

If The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion took place in different ages than us, but on Earth, is there any suggestion in those works that some elements would or could have been immortal or ...
5
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1answer
242 views

In which of Tolkien's works does the Witch-King of Angmar appear?

Where can I read all about the Witch-King of Angmar? Does he appear anywhere other than the Lord of the Rings trilogy and its appendices? The appendices talk about the Angmar vs Arnor war very ...
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1answer
43 views

Do we have a literary history of the Ainulindale?

I know that Christopher Tolkien commented in the Book of Lost Tales, Part 1 that the reason the early version of the Ainulindale looks so much like the version in The Silmarillion is that In this ...
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What is the name of the language that Orcs talk?

What is the name of the language of the Orcs? Was it developed by Tolkien as much as Quenya?
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How long does it take to be turned into a Wraith?

The nine men that took the Rings of Power from Sauron, turned into Ringwraiths eventually. How long do you have to have a Ring of Power in order to turn into a wraith? Smeagol had it for many years ...
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Would the One Ring created by Sauron make a mortal creature immortal?

The One Ring extended Gollum/Sméagol's life and vitality by 478 years and Bilbo's vitality by 60 years. Did it have the power to make them truly immortal if they had kept it, or did it just grossly ...
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5answers
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How many Balrogs were there?

There are guesstimates of their numbers ranging from as little as 3 all the way up to hundreds. Still other accounts say there were actually a thousand strong. We know five were 'killed' by Tuor, ...
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The origins of the Silmarillion and early stories

The stories contained in The Hobbit and The Lord Of The Rings are supposedly from the Red Book of Westmarch written by Bilbo and Frodo as a memoir. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Book_of_Westmarch ...
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Were there any jails or some type of incarceration centers in Middle Earth or Tolkien's universe?

It seems that the bad guys were either banished, killed or just ran wild causing trouble until they were 'dealt with'.
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Who was the oldest Elf left in Middle Earth at the start of the War of the Ring at the end of the third age?

Some of the remaining notable and named Elves' birthdates are either known, or through association can be reasonably guessed at. They are; Galadriel birthdate YT 1362, Elrond birthdate FA 532, ...
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What were the actual words spoken in the Oath of Fëanor

Do we know what the actual words spoken by Feanor and his sons were when they swore the Oath of Fëanor in Tirion?
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About The Lighting In Arda After The Destruction Of The Two Lamps

It is Known that Melkor (Morgoth) destroyed the Two Lamps, Ormal And Illuin. Meanwhile Valinor was lit by the Two Trees, and in Middle-earth the first light that Elves-Quendi beheld was that of the ...
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234 views

About Creation Of Orcs And Dwarves

How can it be that Melkor created the orcs and Aule created the dwarves, when both needed The Imperishable Flame (The Secret Fire)?
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The Tower of Elwing

After re-reading The Atlas of Middle Earth (excellent read recommend it to anyone) I noticed that north of the Pelori in Aman, there was a tower marked as "The Tower of Elwing". I cannot for the life ...
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Why couldn't Melkor return from the void after the War of Wrath?

Melkor came back from the void (above the Walls of Night) after he was expelled by Tulkas during the First Battle of All, and destroyed the Two Lamps. After that, he was again defeated in the Battle ...
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2answers
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The King Of Numenor's Sword

I can't remember where but I read somewhere that the sword of the king of Numenor was in fact Aranruth - the sword of Elu Thingol. How is this possible? I assume that Dior took up Thingol's throne ...
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Why do the Wise always wait and watch until they are destroyed? [closed]

We have seen throughout the Silmarillion and other Middle Earth related histories that the forces of "Good" (Elves, Edain, Naugrim etc) constantly sit and wait for their enemy to get stronger before ...
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Who or what is the oldest sentient being in Tolkien's lore?

The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, The Histories of Middle Earth, all lore related to this universe is acceptable fodder. Regardless of their power, susceptibility to The One Ring, ...
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Did Finwe take of the Kingship of the Noldor again?

We know that Finwe was slain by Melkor by the gates of Formenos as the Silmarils were stolen, Then Feanor Rebelled and (stuff happened here) and Finarfin became King of the Noldor in Valinor. Finwe ...
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1answer
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Who were the seven forefathers of the Dwarves, besides Durin?

It is told in the Silmarillion that Aule created the seven fathers of the dwarves. The most prominent of course being Durin, the ancestor of most (all?) dwarves that feature in LotR and The Hobbit. ...
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What is the relationship between Beleriand in the Silmarillion and Middle-Earth in Lord of the RIngs?

I've read both the Silmarillion and Lord of the Rings. Both take place in the 'west' of Arda, and Beleriand (where most of the Silmarillion takes place) is destroyed. So where is the Middle-Earth of ...
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2answers
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Why do people say that Peter Jackson can not make LOTR/Hobbit sequels?

I was reading a couple of posts on forums where people said that "The Silmarillion" would make a great basis for an action movie, a sequel (or would that be prequel?) to LOTR and Hobbit. But someone ...
7
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1answer
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What is the Extinction of the Shape-shifters (like Beorn) in Middle-Earth Lore?

In the movie The Hobbit, The Desolation of Smaug - the party wind up at Beorn's Hall. When Beorn is asked about other Shape-Shifters he makes reference to a past event where Azog captured the ...
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0answers
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numenor vs. gondolin [closed]

If the forces of Numenor and the forces of Gondolin were to meet, which do you think would win? Aside from their mortality, the inhabitants of Numenor had made huge strides in technology. In a passage ...
15
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1answer
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magic and men in lord of the rings

In both The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarilion, it is suggested that men can learn to use magic. Quotes demonstrating this follow: (from The Lord of the Rings): The Lieutenant of the Tower of ...
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885 views

How was Morgoth defeated?

How was he defeated if he's the strongest being? He begged for mercy and got thrown into the Outer Dark where he currently dwells.
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1answer
678 views

What meaning(s) or message(s), if any, was Tolkien trying to convey with his books?

What overall meaning or message, if any, was Tolkien trying to convey with each of his books (The Hobbit, The Silmarillion, LOTR)?
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How could Orcs survive in subterranean settings?

In J.R.R. Tolkien's The Fellowship of the Ring the Fellowship encounters many Orcs (or goblins) living in the Mines of Moria. In The Hobbit our heroes encounter a tribe of goblins inhabiting caves ...
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2answers
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Was Tolkien's “round-world version” really his definitive view of Arda?

I've heard many times that, in his final years, Tokien rejected the idea of a flat Arda, and embraced a new story in which the world was always round and the Sun and Moon existed from the beginning. ...
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2answers
897 views

Why was Melkor aka Morgoth created without a female counterpart?

Reading about the Valar something stands out, originally there were 7 Queens i.e. "female" Valar and 8 Lords i.e. "male" Valar with Melkor later rebelling and becoming Morgoth. Now it seems to me ...
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How many Balrogs did it take to defeat Feanor?

How many Balrogs did it take to defeat Fëanor? In The Silmarillion it says "Long he fought on, and undismayed, though he was wrapped in fire and wounded with many wounds; but at the last he was ...
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Melkor's power - why didn't he increase it?

If Iluvatar created the world with the Fire that Melkor had sought, why didn't Melkor use that part of the Fire to become even more powerful?
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Why did Sauron blow up if he only had his fingers cut off?

In the Lord of the Rings why did Sauron blow up when he only had his fingers cut off?
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Mythical parallels for Tolkien's stories [closed]

Edit: Since this question was too broad, I'll center it specifically in Norse mythology (Eddas and Sagas) and only in episodes or motifs in the Silmarillion. Not in the general conception but just in ...
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Are any of the original elves that awoke at Cuiviénen named?

This came up because a friend told me he thought Glorfindel was an "original elf". As far as I know, the earliest mention of Glorfindel is at the Fall Of Gondolin, which is a far cry from Cuiviénen. ...
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The Valar and their power to create

In The Silmarillion it is said that only Eru possesses the Flame Immperishable, and thus only he can create life. For example, when Aulë tries to create the dwarves, these result in a kind of ...