J.R.R. Tolkien (John Ronald Reuel Tolkien) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.

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Has Tolkien's estate ever sold the rights to adaptations of any Tolkien works?

Inspired by the comments on this question. J.R.R. Tolkien sold the rights to film adaptations of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings to United Artists in 1968 or 1969. Although he retained enough ...
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Did C.S. Lewis create the lamp-post in response to a comment by J.R.R. Tolkien?

J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis had a pretty legendary rivalry/friendship. In particular, it's fairly well known that Tolkien aimed for "higher" fantasy, compared to Lewis. I've heard some people ...
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In Tolkien's Middle Earth, did Gandalf meet with Thorin to encourage him to take back Erebor?

In one of Peter Jackson's Hobbit movies, I think The Desolation of Smaug, there is a flashback scene showing Gandalf meeting with Thorin at the Prancing Pony in Bree. Gandalf convinces Thorin to try ...
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Did Legolas leave his father and people behind when he went into the West?

After Elessar's death, Legolas and Gimli also took a ship and went into the West. Strictly speaking, Legolas shouldn't have been allowed either, as Tolkien says But the promise made to the Eldar ...
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Where is the “Ring-verse” inscribed on the One Ring?

I know that the inscription of the rings says: "One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all, and in the darkness bind them," But my question is more about the ...
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How many of the Ainur can change their physical form?

The Ainur are spirits who do not need bodies, but they can assume them. From the Ainulindalë in the Silmarillion: Their shape comes of their knowledge of the visible World, rather than of the ...
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How was Bard so accurate with his shot that killed Smaug?

Watching 'The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies', I saw some grade-A marksmanship from Bard, using one of the dragon-killing black arrows to hit Smaug in precisely the spot where ONE of his scales ...
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Is Rohan the same (country) as Arnor?

At the end of the War of the Ring when Aragorn becomes the King of The Reunited Kingdoms (Two Kingdoms). By doing so he reunited the 2 realms (Arnor & Gondor) of Elendil. As the new High King, ...
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What if a MAN actually stabbed the Witchking instead of Eowyn?

Now we all know about the prophecy that "no living man" may slay the witchking of Angmar in LOTR. This prophecy was fulfilled when Eowyn, a female, stabbed the witchking in the head, thus killing him. ...
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At Elrond's Council, why were the Elves so worried about being cut off from Grey Havens?

Just re-reading the LotR for the umpteenth time (stopped counting at 30, some 15-20 years ago... :-P), just finished Elrond's council chapter. In light of various other discussions on the topic of ...
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Could Arwen have married Aragon without giving up her immortality? [duplicate]

I just completed reading the lotr books for the 3rd time a couple of weeks back and this entire issue with Arwen and her immortality is bugging me way more than it should! I feel like I really need to ...
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How does an Elf lose the will to live?

Elves are immortal while living in enchanted realms being at peace and living in harmony, though some cases are tragic: Luthien: Died for Love for Beren Miriel: Died giving Birth to Feanor Would ...
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Newly discovered map of Middle Earth: does it change anything?

I read this article with interest - in short, a working copy of the Middle Earth map was recently discovered and acquired by Oxford's Bodleian Library: This map looks fascinating but does this ...
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What happened to the elves who were slain before the end of the Great Journey?

When an elf dies, his "fëa" (soul) leaves the "hröa" (body) and is summoned to Mandos, in Aman. Frome there he may return to life after some time. It's reasonable to think that before Vanyar and ...
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How did Morgoth manage to chain Maedhros to a peak of Thangorodrim?

After arriving with his father and majority of the Noldor and fighting the forces of Angband,Maedhros was taken captive and brought before Morgoth, then was stripped of clothing and hung from a high ...
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What are all the ways Elrond and Galadriel are related?

In answering this question, I discovered three relationships between Galadriel and Elrond: Galadriel was first cousin of Elrond’s great-grandfather (Turgon, King of Gondolin). Thus, they are first ...
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Have Elrond and Galadriel ever spoken to each other in person?

I find it interesting that throughout the LotR trilogy and Hobbit, Elrond and Galadriel never talked to each other. They were in the same places as each other but I don't recall them ever speaking to ...
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What do we know about the Ainur who stayed in the Timeless Halls?

This is my understanding: Before Ilúvatar created Eä, he created the Ainur, who were with him in his Timeless Halls. At Eä’s creation, some of the Ainur chose to enter the world and be bound to it. ...
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How could Tulkas defeat Morgoth if he was the most powerful Valar?

Morgoth warred against the Valar in the early years of Arda including destroying the Two Lamps which lit the world, and marring the lands in which the Valar had set to prepare for the coming of the ...
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How did Morgoth find Men?

Had Morgoth heard about the coming of men and went looking for them on purpose or was he just wandering and happened upon them? Also how did Morgoth know the tongue of Men?
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Were Thingol and Thranduil related?

Are there any sources that can confirm or deny if they were kinsmen (family, not race)? After all, they both lived in Doriath and were similar in appearance.
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Where did Finrod Felagund first discover the Edain?

I know it was in Beleriand somewhere but I want to know the location of their first meeting.
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How did Ungoliant die? [duplicate]

Ungoliant was the mother of all spiders, most famously Shelob. Ungoliant and Melkor teamed up to suck the life out of Telperion and Laurelin and escaped under darkness, then Melkor refused to give her ...
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Did Radagast the Brown ever return to Valinor? [duplicate]

Did The Maia of Yavanna,who was one of the Istari and friend to Gandalf Ever return to Valinor or did he just remain in Middle Earth?
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Why can't men sail in the waters of the Ekkaia?

Numenorean men sailed out into the outer sea but they sunk and drowned instantly. Why is this? Is it because those waters are magical and enchanted to contain the beings of Middle-earth inside the ...
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Do we ever see spells used by orcs?

Inspired by this question: Which languages was Gandalf proficient in? Gandalf says the following: "I once knew every spell in all the tongues of Elves or Men or Orcs, that was ever used for such ...
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Which languages was Gandalf proficient in?

Gandalf, true to his role as a skilled advisor of all the free peoples of Middle Earth, knows many languages of Elvish and Mannish origins, at least a bit of Khuzdul too. Did Tolkien ever reveal the ...
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Is this a correct translation of this poem into Quenya?

I'm starting to learn a bit of Quenya and I'm trying to transate a small poem I wrote last year to the language. I still have small understanding about all the suffixes. The original poem is in ...
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Elvish transcription - Upon the Hearth the Fire is Red

Does anyone know if this transcription is correct? It's a portion of Upon the Hearth the Fire is Red. Home is behind, the world ahead, And there are many paths to tread Through shadows to the ...
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Could sombody use the Ring to control or influence Sauron or the Nazgul?

The book makes it quite clear that the One Ring could control the bearers of the lesser rings. We also know that Sauron had recaptured at least one of the seven dwarvish rings, presumably to use ...
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How could Fëanor have hoped to defeat Morgoth?

How could Fëanor have hoped to defeat Morgoth? Even though Fingolfin managed to hurt Morgoth, he basically had no chance. Also he was just fighting Morgoth in a duel, while Fëanor would have had to ...
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Where is the Void?

Where is the Void located in the Ardean(?) universe? After thinking about it for a while, I see three different possibilities: Iluvatar's space [Arda (Void)]: The Void belongs to Arda, which are ...
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Did Tolkien invent enough Dwarvish to carry on a conversation?

I read the glossaries of the Lord of the Rings books and it said that the language spoken by the Dwarves was not spoken to others except for a few words. That got me wondering if Tolkien had ever even ...
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Was the Secret Fire within reach of Morgoth or his influence?

In the Silmarillion, it was stated that Illuvatar set the Secret Fire within the heart of Middle Earth. It is also the consensus that when Morgoth marred Arda, he essentially made Middle Earth his ...
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How does Sauron get away after the War of Wrath

In the Silmarillion is says that Sauron speaks to Eonwë after the war of wrath, so I assume Sauron is in captivity? Does it mention in any of the histories how he manages to escape? Given everything ...
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Why wasn't Gandalf/Olórin head of the White Council

I'm just reading through The Silmarillion (again) and I'm curious why Olórin (later Gandalf) wasn't appointed head of the White Council when he arrived in Middle-Earth. In The Silmarillion he's ...
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Did Gandalf know the Balrog he fought in Moria?

Because both Gandalf and the Balrog are Maia, they share much of the same past. They came from the same place at roughly the same time. Though their lives took... different paths, wouldn't they ...
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Did Tolkien ever state that The Hobbit was a children's book?

Many people just assume that simply because The Hobbit is a lighter story than LOTR and the Silmarillion, it's a children's story, but I don't believe Tolkien himself ever said it was made for ...
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Which book is worth reading next after “the big five”? [duplicate]

After reading The Silmarillion, The Hobbit, and The Lord of the Rings trilogy, what book/volume/writing is best recommended reading for more depth/insight/background on the Tolkien-verse? I see ...
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How did non Durin end up in the company of Thorin II Oakenshield

I am looking at the family trees of Dwarves and ran into this question: how did non-Durin folk end up in the company of Thorin? Ori, Dori, Nori, Bifur Bofur and Bombur are all not of the Durin clan, ...
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Tolkien's Hierarchy of Creation Cheat Sheet

So I have recently come upon this link which I have found to be very informative and was wondering how accurate it is.
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Did the Ring give Sauron any powers apart from controlling the other rings of power? [duplicate]

Sauron was defeated multiple times while he was in possession of the Ring. What does the Ring actually allow Sauron to do that he could not do without it? Did it make him more powerful in battle? Did ...
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Is Eru intended as a literal representation of the Christian God?

Given that ... Tolkien is on record as saying he envisioned Middle-Earth as being a literal precusor to modern day earth "in a different stage of imagination". As a Christian, a major theme of his ...
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Power Hierarchy of all creatures in Middle Earth [closed]

In a list of 1-10, or more, who/what are the most powerful beings in Middle Earth, and support your thoughts.
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How large were the Great Eagles that carried Frodo and Sam?

From this question on Worldbuilding, a bird would have to be quite large to carry a passenger, even a hobbit. The Great Eagles article on Wikipedia says that the largest eagle had a wingspan of 180 ...
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Has Tolkien ever commented on the relative leadership skills of prominent Middle-Earth figures?

If we look at some of the prominent figures in Middle-Earth at the time of the War of the Ring: Theoden Denethor Aragorn Elrond Gandalf All of these are 'leaders' of one form or another, but some ...
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What special properties do the named swords have in Tolkien lore

There are swords of great renowned; Glamdring, Narcil, Orcrist, Ringil, Sting and others are presented as special weapons. Beyond glowing when Orcs are near, what special properties do they possess?
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What language did Hobbits speak before Men?

In Appendix F of The Lord of the Rings we are told that there “is no record of any language peculiar to hobbits. In ancient days they seem always to have used the languages of Men near whom, or among ...
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What did Christopher Tolkien mean by “Tolkien's fifteenth invented language”?

I know this question would usually raise other questions as to what is considered a separate language (e.g. Qenya/Quenya, Gnomish/Sindarin, etc.). The thing is that somewhere there is an official ...
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Do hobbits age at the same speed as humans or slower?

I know that they live significantly longer than humans (or at least Bilbo did) and I was wondering whether they age at the same rates human bodies, just live longer, or if their bodies age more slowly ...