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I think it's pretty clear from the sequels that the political fallout of the emperor controlling arrakis that all of the great powers would have moved to prevent imperial control of arrakis.

Another aspect of the politics of the empire is that it's clear that whoever is on the ground controls the planet. The way the whole empire works is that the various houses are vassals of the emperor, and control their planets under grant from him. Now, the emperor can either grant Arrakis to someone closely connected to him, or to another house. If he grants it to someone closely connected to him, that person is (a) related to the imperial house; and (b) controls the single most important resource in the galaxy. That looks like a recipe for a coup. Much safer to grant the planet to someone who has no chance whatsoever of taking the imperial throne (for example, the odious Harkonnens - neither the Landsraad or the Guild would ever let them grow too powerful).

In addition, Paul Atreides is the first person to truly control Arrakis, through his control of the Fremen. The Harkonnens were the rulers under Imperial law, but in practice they seem to have done little more than rule the cities and control the legitimate spice trade.

Finally, it's not clear if Paul Atreides neededachieved the upper hand over the guild, which allowed him to attack the rest of the empire. By contrast, not a luxury anyno other emperor even knew how to destroy the spice (which the guild depended on), and in any case would need to control the rest of their empire (requiring guild transport), while Paul did not have an empire to defend. It is also possible that had - they wouldhe needed to, he could have been isolatedachieved limited space travel on Arrakishis own, with his own sight.

I think it's pretty clear from the sequels that the political fallout of the emperor controlling arrakis that all of the great powers would have moved to prevent imperial control of arrakis.

Another aspect of the politics of the empire is that it's clear that whoever is on the ground controls the planet. The way the whole empire works is that the various houses are vassals of the emperor, and control their planets under grant from him. Now, the emperor can either grant Arrakis to someone closely connected to him, or to another house. If he grants it to someone closely connected to him, that person is (a) related to the imperial house; and (b) controls the single most important resource in the galaxy. That looks like a recipe for a coup. Much safer to grant the planet to someone who has no chance whatsoever of taking the imperial throne (for example, the odious Harkonnens - neither the Landsraad or the Guild would ever let them grow too powerful).

In addition, Paul Atreides is the first person to truly control Arrakis, through his control of the Fremen. The Harkonnens were the rulers under Imperial law, but in practice they seem to have done little more than rule the cities and control the legitimate spice trade.

Finally, it's not clear if Paul Atreides needed the guild to attack the rest of the empire, not a luxury any other emperor would have had - they would have been isolated on Arrakis.

I think it's pretty clear from the sequels that the political fallout of the emperor controlling arrakis that all of the great powers would have moved to prevent imperial control of arrakis.

Another aspect of the politics of the empire is that it's clear that whoever is on the ground controls the planet. The way the whole empire works is that the various houses are vassals of the emperor, and control their planets under grant from him. Now, the emperor can either grant Arrakis to someone closely connected to him, or to another house. If he grants it to someone closely connected to him, that person is (a) related to the imperial house; and (b) controls the single most important resource in the galaxy. That looks like a recipe for a coup. Much safer to grant the planet to someone who has no chance whatsoever of taking the imperial throne (for example, the odious Harkonnens - neither the Landsraad or the Guild would ever let them grow too powerful).

In addition, Paul Atreides is the first person to truly control Arrakis, through his control of the Fremen. The Harkonnens were the rulers under Imperial law, but in practice they seem to have done little more than rule the cities and control the legitimate spice trade.

Finally, Paul Atreides achieved the upper hand over the guild, which allowed him to attack the rest of the empire. By contrast, no other emperor even knew how to destroy the spice (which the guild depended on), and in any case would need to control the rest of their empire (requiring guild transport), while Paul did not have an empire to defend. It is also possible that had he needed to, he could have achieved limited space travel on his own, with his own sight.

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I think it's pretty clear from the sequels that the political fallout of the emperor controlling arrakis that all of the great powers would have moved to prevent imperial control of arrakis.

Another aspect of the politics of the empire is that it's clear that whoever is on the ground controls the planet. The way the whole empire works is that the various houses are vassals of the emperor, and control their planets under grant from him. Now, the emperor can either grant Arrakis to someone closely connected to him, or to another house. If he grants it to someone closely connected to him, that person is (a) related to the imperial house; and (b) controls the single most important resource in the galaxy. That looks like a recipe for a coup. Much safer to grant the planet to someone who has no chance whatsoever of taking the imperial throne (for example, the odious Harkonnens - neither the Landsraad or the Guild would ever let them grow too powerful).

In addition, Paul Atreides is the first person to truly control Arrakis, through his control of the Fremen. The Harkonnens were the rulers under Imperial law, but in practice they seem to have done little more than rule the cities and control the legitimate spice trade.

Finally, it's not clear if Paul Atreides needed the guild to attack the rest of the empire, not a luxury any other emperor would have had - they would have been isolated on Arrakis.