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10 minor grammar
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That would be "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov (publication history).

Their planet has multiple suns, and because of the complex interactions between them, they've only recently discovered the "Theory of Universal Gravitation". Since then, they've been able to calculate that an eclipse occurs every two thousand and forty-nine years. That is the only time when it gets dark and the stars are visible.

There is a cult that predicts a time of chaos comes about every two thousand and fifty years, when the sun "enters a cave", when people go mad from the stars and destroy their own civilization.

On a world that's always light, darkness — even a room that's darkened for a couple of minutes — is very stress inducing. That combined with the millions of stars visible suddenly and for the first time (it's pointed out in the story that they're in the middle of the Milky Way, not on an outer arm, like we are) and the realisation that the universe is so much bigger than they knew, is what drives most people insane.

A text can be found here, although I'm not sure as to the legality of that.

Asimov and Robert Silverberg expanded the short story into a novel by the same title.

That would be "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov (publication history).

Their planet has multiple suns, and because of the complex interactions between them, they've only recently discovered the "Theory of Universal Gravitation". Since then, they've been able to calculate that an eclipse occurs every two thousand and forty-nine years. That is the only time when it gets dark and the stars are visible.

There is a cult that predicts a time of chaos comes about every two thousand and fifty years, when the sun "enters a cave", when people go mad from the stars and destroy their own civilization.

On a world that's always light, darkness — even a room that's darkened for a couple of minutes — is very stress inducing. That combined with the millions of stars visible suddenly and for the first time (it's pointed out in the story that they're in the middle of the Milky Way, not on an outer arm, like we) and the realisation that the universe is so much bigger than they knew, is what drives most people insane.

A text can be found here, although I'm not sure as to the legality of that.

Asimov and Robert Silverberg expanded the short story into a novel by the same title.

That would be "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov (publication history).

Their planet has multiple suns, and because of the complex interactions between them, they've only recently discovered the "Theory of Universal Gravitation". Since then, they've been able to calculate that an eclipse occurs every two thousand and forty-nine years. That is the only time when it gets dark and the stars are visible.

There is a cult that predicts a time of chaos comes about every two thousand and fifty years, when the sun "enters a cave", when people go mad from the stars and destroy their own civilization.

On a world that's always light, darkness — even a room that's darkened for a couple of minutes — is very stress inducing. That combined with the millions of stars visible suddenly and for the first time (it's pointed out in the story that they're in the middle of the Milky Way, not on an outer arm, like we are) and the realisation that the universe is so much bigger than they knew, is what drives most people insane.

A text can be found here, although I'm not sure as to the legality of that.

Asimov and Robert Silverberg expanded the short story into a novel by the same title.

9 Minor addition to clarify
source | link

That would be "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov (publication history).

Their planet has multiple suns, and because of the complex interactions between them, they've only recently discovered the "Theory of Universal Gravitation". Since then, they've been able to calculate that an eclipse occurs every two thousand and forty-nine years. That is the only time when it gets dark and the stars are visible.

There is a cult that predicts a time of chaos comes about every two thousand and fifty years, when the sun "enters a cave", when people go mad from the stars and destroy their own civilization.

On a world that's always light, darkness — even a room that's darkened for a couple of minutes — is very stress inducing. That combined with the millions of stars visible suddenly and for the first time (it's pointed out in the story that they're in the middle of the Milky Way, not on an outer arm, like we) and the realisation that the universe is so much bigger than they knew, is what drives most people insane.

A text can be found here, although I'm not sure as to the legality of that.

Asimov and Robert Silverberg expanded the short story into a novel by the same title.

That would be "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov (publication history).

Their planet has multiple suns, and because of the complex interactions between them, they've only recently discovered the "Theory of Universal Gravitation". Since then, they've been able to calculate that an eclipse occurs every two thousand and forty-nine years. That is the only time when it gets dark and the stars are visible.

There is a cult that predicts a time of chaos comes about every two thousand and fifty years, when the sun "enters a cave", when people go mad from the stars and destroy their own civilization.

On a world that's always light, darkness — even a room that's darkened for a couple of minutes — is very stress inducing. That combined with the millions of stars (it's pointed out in the story that they're in the middle of the Milky Way, not on an outer arm, like we) and the realisation that the universe is so much bigger than they knew, is what drives most people insane.

A text can be found here, although I'm not sure as to the legality of that.

Asimov and Robert Silverberg expanded the short story into a novel by the same title.

That would be "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov (publication history).

Their planet has multiple suns, and because of the complex interactions between them, they've only recently discovered the "Theory of Universal Gravitation". Since then, they've been able to calculate that an eclipse occurs every two thousand and forty-nine years. That is the only time when it gets dark and the stars are visible.

There is a cult that predicts a time of chaos comes about every two thousand and fifty years, when the sun "enters a cave", when people go mad from the stars and destroy their own civilization.

On a world that's always light, darkness — even a room that's darkened for a couple of minutes — is very stress inducing. That combined with the millions of stars visible suddenly and for the first time (it's pointed out in the story that they're in the middle of the Milky Way, not on an outer arm, like we) and the realisation that the universe is so much bigger than they knew, is what drives most people insane.

A text can be found here, although I'm not sure as to the legality of that.

Asimov and Robert Silverberg expanded the short story into a novel by the same title.

8 Fixed link (+ pointless lengthening of reference to get over 6 characters)
source | link

That would be "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov (publication history).

Their planet has multiple suns, and because of the complex interactions between them, they've only recently discovered the "Theory of Universal Gravitation". Since then, they've been able to calculate that an eclipse occurs every two thousand and forty-nine years. That is the only time when it gets dark and the stars are visible.

There is a cult that predicts a time of chaos comes about every two thousand and fifty years, when the sun "enters a cave", when people go mad from the stars and destroy their own civilization.

On a world that's always light, darkness — even a room that's darkened for a couple of minutes — is very stress inducing. That combined with the millions of stars (it's pointed out in the story that they're in the middle of the Milky Way, not on an outer arm, like we) and the realisation that the universe is so much bigger than they knew, is what drives most people insane.

A text can be found [here][1]here, although I'm not sure as to the legality of that.

Asimov and Robert Silverberg expanded the short story into a novel by the same title.

That would be "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov (publication history).

Their planet has multiple suns, and because of the complex interactions between them, they've only recently discovered the "Theory of Universal Gravitation". Since then, they've been able to calculate that an eclipse occurs every two thousand and forty-nine years. That is the only time when it gets dark and the stars are visible.

There is a cult that predicts a time of chaos comes about every two thousand and fifty years, when the sun "enters a cave", when people go mad from the stars and destroy their own civilization.

On a world that's always light, darkness — even a room that's darkened for a couple of minutes — is very stress inducing. That combined with the millions of stars (it's pointed out in the story that they're in the middle of the Milky Way, not on an outer arm, like we) and the realisation that the universe is so much bigger than they knew, is what drives most people insane.

A text can be found [here][1], although I'm not sure as to the legality of that.

Asimov and Robert Silverberg expanded the short story into a novel by the same title.

That would be "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov (publication history).

Their planet has multiple suns, and because of the complex interactions between them, they've only recently discovered the "Theory of Universal Gravitation". Since then, they've been able to calculate that an eclipse occurs every two thousand and forty-nine years. That is the only time when it gets dark and the stars are visible.

There is a cult that predicts a time of chaos comes about every two thousand and fifty years, when the sun "enters a cave", when people go mad from the stars and destroy their own civilization.

On a world that's always light, darkness — even a room that's darkened for a couple of minutes — is very stress inducing. That combined with the millions of stars (it's pointed out in the story that they're in the middle of the Milky Way, not on an outer arm, like we) and the realisation that the universe is so much bigger than they knew, is what drives most people insane.

A text can be found here, although I'm not sure as to the legality of that.

Asimov and Robert Silverberg expanded the short story into a novel by the same title.

7 Expanded a bit
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6 added 270 characters in body
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5 Fixed typos (sorry, was on mobile) and expanded
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4 edited body
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3 added 277 characters in body
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2 added 80 characters in body
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1
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