The grip on his throat is no less painful for being invisible. The air stops flowing to his lungs. Blood ceases circulating in his brain. His eyesight fades to white…. “Apology accepted,” Vader murmurs, and turns back to the bounty hunters.
Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back: So You Want to Be a Jedi? — Adam Gidwitz
As any martial artist will know, a choke is usually a restriction of the blood flow to the brain. This does not take much force and leads to a quick loss of consciousness.
However, a force choke is usually depicted as a restriction of air flow, which would suggest damage to the trachea, which takes much longer before loss of consciousness (how long can you hold your breath?) and takes much more force.
So how is a Force choke executed? Is it merely a classic choke (e.g. constricting the outside of the throat) executed using the Force or is it something different entirely?