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The first Star Trek film is 1979's Star Trek: The Motion Picture, and it is stylized as such on the posters:

Movie Poster

That turn of phrase has stuck me as odd. I assume it was done to distance itself somewhat from the series - "Look at me! I'm something new!"

In a comparable position in 1978 there was Superman: The Movie -

Superman the Movie

The only other "Motion Picture" from the 70s I can come across on IMDB is Pink Lady's Motion Picture which is a Japanese film from 78 which appears to be something to do with the band, so I don't think that the suffix was especially common then.

Now admittedly, in my opinion, The Motion Picture sounds more classy than The Movie. What is the detail behind the choice? What was the reason why the term The Motion Picture used over The Movie for the first Star Trek film?

  • ""Wheeew, let's make a motion picture!" Just like it was a whole different thing, you know. They've always thought that about the TV people. We did something, sort of down here and they did things that were sort of up there, that we could not do up here, what they did down there, whatever!"" – Valorum Sep 27 '15 at 22:16
  • I envision a group of producers were sitting around a doughnut box strewn table brainstorming possible movie titles. The name in question, for better or worse, came out on top. – Major Stackings Sep 27 '15 at 22:48
  • Any of the downvoters care to step out from the shadows and add a reason? – NikolaiDante Sep 28 '15 at 8:36
  • Spaceballs: the flamethrower! – DVK-on-Ahch-To Sep 28 '15 at 14:41
  • I didn't vote either way. The question seems peripherally on topic, which would make it on topic. – Major Stackings Sep 28 '15 at 21:23
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No "cashing in"

Before Star Wars took the world by storm in 1977, Gene Roddenberry and Paramount were planning a television sequel to the original Star Trek series, to be titled Star Trek: Phase II. One of the episodes penned for the new series was called "In Thy Image", by Alan Dean Foster (based on a script by Roddenberry called "Robot Return", originally intended for a different show).

When Star Wars (and also Close Encounters of the Third Kind  ) proved that science fiction films could enjoy wide success, Paramount switched gears and green lit a Star Trek film, thus putting Phase II on hold for a decade (until it could be realized as The Next Generation ). The episode "In Thy Image" was lengthened and adapted for feature length and became what we know as The Motion Picture.

So in a sense, the first title of The Motion Picture was "In Thy Image".

As early as July 19, 1978, the film's shooting script was entitled Star Trek: The Motion Picture.

As for why The Motion Picture and not "The Movie":

The amazing popularity of Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope (1977) had a definite impact on the storyline, pacing and even marketing of Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979). Many hardcore sci-fi fans (including prominent sci-fi writers) viewed Star Wars as mere fantasy, an updating of Buck Rogers/Flash Gordon level matinee fluff. Gene Roddenberry always saw Star Trek as a more serious endeavor, and did not want Star Trek: The Motion Picture to be seen as "cashing in". So the story for Star Trek: The Motion Picture was pushed toward more sophisticated and complex ideas, the decision was made to have no battle scenes of any type. In fact, the earliest Presskit promotional material for newspaper ads had as the main line, "There is no comparison".

(Source)

Given Roddenberry's decision to have lofty ideas and no battles in the film as part of an effort to keep Star Trek above what he considered "fluff", the choice of The Motion Picture over The Movie seems consistent with this.

Side note: In Germany, the film was called Star Trek: der Film (i.e. Star Trek: The Film or Star Trek: The Movie ).

  • Side question: is there an expression in German equivalent to motion picture which is used? – ThePopMachine Nov 18 '15 at 7:27
  • @ThePopMachine : Yes! Lichtspiel, I believe. Literally, "light game", but usually translated as "moving picture" / "motion picture". It is a dated synonym for "Film" in German, but so too is "motion picture" for "film" / "movie" in English. – Praxis Nov 18 '15 at 7:43
  • If "fluff" means "a movie in which things happen," maybe Roddenberry should have gone for "fluff" ... :) – Wolfie Inu Nov 23 '15 at 9:49
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As I recall, when the movie version of the Broadway musical Hair was released in 1979 it was advertised as "Hair -- the Film". So I think that all three were examples of trying to differentiate between the original source material and the filmed version.

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