A quick google of the words "sparta", "blake" and "Mars" leads to the wikipedia page for Venus Prime, a...
"series of six science fiction novels written by Paul Preuss"...
...based on the short stories of Arthur C. Clarke.
Volume 1 – Breaking Strain (based on the 1949 short story "Breaking
Strain") After her sudden escape from a mental institution, an
amnesiac who calls herself Sparta seeks out the origins of her unusual
abilities. To this end, she adopts the identity of Ellen Troy and
becomes an inspector for the Space Guild.
On her first assignment as an Inspector, Sparta is sent to Port
Hesperus, the space station orbiting Venus, to investigate the
sabotage of the Space Queen, an old freighter. While there, she
encounters Blake Redfield, a young antique books expert who may hold
the key to her missing memories.
It's noted that her name is actually the acronym of the program that helped to genetically engineer her DNA
Formerly enrolled in the mysterious SPARTA program under her birth
name, Linda Nagy... [etc]
This answer has been confirmed by the querant in a since deleted comment:
Thank you! This is it!
— user54473 Oct 18 '15 at 12:41