The book A Match Made in Space is introduced in the movie with this dialogue:
Biff: Mr. McFly, Mr. McFly, this just arrived, oh hi Marty. I think
it's your new book.
Lorraine: Ah, honey, your first novel.
Since Biff describes it as George's new book, this implies its publication date was 1985. And since it was his first novel, George wouldn't have written any previous novels featuring these characters (and I know of no evidence about whether he actually called the character "Darth Vader" in the novel). I suppose this doesn't rule out the idea he introduced a character named Darth Vader in a short story prior to 1977, or that Marty's trip to 1955 changed the timeline enough that no Star Wars movies featuring Darth Vader ever got made, but we can at least say that if Star Wars did exist in the altered 1985, George Lucas hadn't gotten the idea for a character by that name from a novel by George McFly.
Also, in general the effects of most changes to the timeline in BTTF tend to be fairly logical and linear--most changes only affect the lives of the characters whose life history was changed without affecting the outside world, and the only large change to the outside world (Biff becoming rich and powerful) has a straightforward explanation (the sports almanac). We don't see examples of any butterfly effects where seemingly unimportant changes can have huge and unpredictable effects on the history of the outside world. Writers Bob Gale and Robert Zemeckis comment on something related to this in question 1.19 in the Official BTTF FAQ, discussing why Doc Brown learning about the future in 1955 didn't change 1985 too much:
There's a theory (we like to call it the "Self-Preservation Instinct of the Space-Time Continuum Theory") that says that the continuum is always trying to keep itself "on course," and when things happen to change it, it always tries to correct itself. It is much like a river, which tries to keep its overall course. Although earthquakes, fallen trees, floods, or other circumstances might disrupt it at points, the river would cut a new channel so that it would end up back at the same place. Thus, the overall physics (or metaphysics) of the space-time continuum would insure that any of Doc's memories of events that might create paradoxes would become hazy — or be erased.
So, this combined with the fact that we don't see random butterfly effects would probably suggest that if Star Wars existed in the original timeline (as evidenced by Marty calling himself Darth Vader), this little tweak to his father's timeline probably didn't have any cascading effects that caused Star Wars not to exist in the altered version of 1985.