The out-of-universe reasons Star Trek is not as diverse as Earth overall are obvious.
But it has always striven to be.

Yet if I think about all the places portrayed on Earth, they are overwhelmingly in North America (and Europe).

Are there any counterexamples?

Some locations on Earth which come to mind off the top of my head:

  • San Francisco (Starfleet Academy, 19th century Guinan, Star Trek IV)
  • New York (TOS: "The City on the Edge of Forever")
  • New Orleans (various episodes related to Sisko men)
  • Iowa (young Kirk)
  • London (Star Trek Into Darkness)
  • France (Picard's vineyard, Federation President's Office)
  • Los Angeles (Voyager "Future's End")
  • Nevada (DS9 "Little Green Men")
  • Pennsylvania (ENT "Carbon Creek")
  • Montana (Star Trek: First Contact)
  • "The Arctic" (ENT: Regeneration) -- based on the names of the researchers, I'm going to assume this is Alaska or Canada, but at any rate, there is no other Earth culture here
  • Florida (ENT Xindi incident)

Clarification: Portrayal means an actual on-Earth scene occurs in a location.

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    Does "portrayed" mean actually appear on screen? In the Xindi incident, we see Florida from space only, I believe. – Praxis Nov 7 '15 at 0:03
  • @Praxis: Portrayal means appear onscreen. I thought Tucker visited Florida, but I could be wrong. – ThePopMachine Nov 7 '15 at 0:10
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    TOS: The City on the Edge of Forever and several ENT episodes show the Gizeh pyramids. However, this is all through Guardians of Forever and other timeywimey tricks; basically they appear on a "screen" in the scene. Not sure if this counts. – Junuxx Nov 7 '15 at 2:09
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    Does Central America count? If so, the Rubber Tree People of "Tatoo" (VOY 2x09) would be the perfect answer. – user41473 Nov 7 '15 at 11:38
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    @StefanWalter, okay, my mistake. But we're still talking about an imaginary culture, right? – ThePopMachine Nov 7 '15 at 20:22

In Voyager's first episode, "Caretaker", Janeway fetches Tom Paris from the Federation Penal Colony in New Zealand.

enter image description here

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    Yes, this is a valid answer. I'm still a little disappointed that it's just Paris and Janeway in a forest and that New Zealand is still essentially a culture of European origin. Anything else? – ThePopMachine Nov 7 '15 at 0:13
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    backpackerguide.nz/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/maori.jpg I think they might disagree about the European origin, and I sure hope that by the 24th century, they would have regained equal rights and status! – Jörg W Mittag Nov 7 '15 at 0:50
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    @ThePopMachine : I was going to say something similar to Joerg --- New Zealand is a non-North America, non-European location with a culture that predates European contact. – Praxis Nov 7 '15 at 0:54
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    @JörgWMittag, while technically true, this is neither here nor there. Just like there are indigenous peoples in North America. Unless and until you can demonstrate that somehow the Maori have taken over as the dominant culture in New Zealand in the 24th century, the smart money's on the assumption that New Zealand's primary culture is of European origin. – ThePopMachine Nov 7 '15 at 1:01
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    @TheDoc, I'm not saying no influence. Has there been a shot of a restaurant in India? A town in China? A Starfleet facility in Nairobi? Anything? – ThePopMachine Nov 7 '15 at 6:45

In the first episode of Enterprise, Capt. Archer travels to Brazil to persuade Hoshi Sato to leave her teaching post early to join the crew of the Enterprise. She is shown teaching a language class outdoors in a heavily wooded area.

enter image description here

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    Good addition! I took the liberty to add a picture from Memory Alpha. – Junuxx Nov 7 '15 at 1:54

Yes, this girl in this scene.

In a flashback seen in TNG "Violations", we see Keiko Ishikawa interacting with a Japanese cup used to wash calligraphy brushes by her Obachan(grandmother). This is clearly Japanese culture. And it almost certainly occurs in Japan.

In "Emissary":

O'BRIEN: When my wife Keiko saw our quarters, she started talking about visiting her mother in Kumamoto

While not conclusive, there's no indication the scene is not in Japan, and her mother (still) apparently lives there.

enter image description hereenter image description here

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  • "Portrayal means an actual on-Earth scene occurs in a location." - are you sure this scene is actually meant to take place in Japan? – Rand al'Thor Nov 7 '15 at 1:19
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    +1...definitely a non-European cultural portrayal. But I'm not sure about the location of the scene. The dialogue doesn't explicitly say it occurs in Japan (chakoteya.net/NextGen/212.htm)...it could have happened anywhere on 24th Century Earth, for all we know. – Praxis Nov 7 '15 at 1:22
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    This is a flashback to her young childhood (you can see her hands) with her grandmother. She was a native of Japan. It's a very safe assumption. – ThePopMachine Nov 7 '15 at 1:26
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    @ThePopMachine : Fair point. – Praxis Nov 7 '15 at 1:39
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    @ThePopMachine : I wasn't meaning to send you down the technicality road (I myself try to veer away from that sort of thing). I just felt the Japan location remark needed independent confirmation. I think your "Emissary" reference about Kumamoto is worth putting in your answer. :-) – Praxis Nov 7 '15 at 1:53

Memory Alpha tells us a few things about what countries existed on Earth during the eras portrayed in Star Trek. These include the African Confederation, a political entity with member states including Somalia, preceded by the United States of Africa, which was a country in the 23rd century.

However, the Memory Alpha pages on Africa, Asia, South America, Australia, and Antarctica list various mentions of these locations throughout the series, but no actual appearances onscreen. I am forced to conclude that Praxis's answer is the only example of what you are looking for.

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    I'm asking about actual portrayal of a site, but just the mention that it exists. – ThePopMachine Nov 7 '15 at 0:10
  • A good list nonetheless. +1 – Praxis Nov 7 '15 at 0:12
  • @ThePopMachine I've overhauled my answer to address your question better - what do you think now? – Rand al'Thor Nov 7 '15 at 1:01
  • Not portrayed, but mentioned. Spock was said to be Chinese, injured in a mechanical rice picker accident in City of the Edge of Forever. – johnny Nov 8 '15 at 20:57

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