Reading through the comments Michael Piller (writer of both parts of "The Best of Both Worlds") it seems likely the title is meant to refer to three separate items: two in-universe, and one out-of-universe.
The humanity of Picard with the technology of the Borg
As other answers have mentioned, this is an ironic meaning. From the Borg's point of view they are achieving the "best of both worlds" by assimilating Picard. Perhaps after encountering humans, they have decided that Picard's humanity is worth assimilating. From their perspective they have combined the best of both worlds.
Riker getting promoted and remaining on the Enterprise
This possible reason is mentioned in Hypnosifi's answer, but here is some additional backing for the speculation. The question is raised multiple times: why has Riker not left the enterprise to take command of his own ship? With Picard assimilated, Riker assumes command and stays aboard the Enterprise: the best of both worlds. Michael Piller states in Starlog issue #159, p. 42, (quoted in the memory alpha article on the episode here)
We had no idea it was really a Riker story when we started out. I came up with the idea of having the Shelby character come on board to challenge Riker. That seemed to play into the Riker emotions and the conflict over whether to take the other job or not, and that builds into the issue of whether or not he was big enough to fill the center chair.
This suggests the character of Riker was at the heart of the episode, at least in the mind of the writer.
Out-of-Universe: Writer Michael Piller's preference for character driven stories over technobabble
One possible additional inspiration from the title comes from the mental state of Michael Piller at the time he was writing the episode,
Piller had intended this season finale to be his last contribution to The Next Generation, after having agreed to only a one-year contract. His turmoil over leaving the show was reflected in Riker's struggle over leaving the Enterprise for his own command. Piller recounted, "By the end of the season, I was struggling with whether or not to stay or leave... Due to having always found it easier to write character exposition than technobabble, writing about Riker's career dilemma came easily to Piller, especially since the character's issue mirrored his own situation. He remembered, "As I was writing this script, I found myself in the position of Riker, who was trying to decide whether he wanted to leave the ship or not. Much of what happened in Part One was about what was going on in my head."
Perhaps Michael Piller was also making some sort of meta-commentary on the episode itself. It was a character driven story that also featured technobabble and a compelling story arc of the Borg and large scale space battles: the best of both worlds.