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Orcs appear to be sentient. Orcs are (possibly) derived from elves who do possess fëa. So do they possess "a soul"? and if so, what happens to it when they die? do they get the gift of men?

marked as duplicate by Jason Baker, Ward, I Love You 3000, NikolaiDante, Often Right Nov 21 '15 at 1:11

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    scifi.stackexchange.com/questions/48637 is also a good candidate – Jason Baker Nov 20 '15 at 22:14
  • @JasonBaker Do any of the answers to either of those questions address the specific issue of whether orcs have fea? Note that this has been definitively settled in the Tolkien legendarium - see the quotes in my answer below. – Rand al'Thor Nov 20 '15 at 22:27
  • @randal'thor Fair does; this is clearly a sign that I need to re-read Morgoth's Ring – Jason Baker Nov 20 '15 at 23:49
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No.

The following quote (emphasis mine) from an essay on Orcs in Morgoth's Ring, volume X of History of Middle-Earth, settles this question:

The least could have been primitive (and much more powerful and perilous) Orcs; but by practising when embodied procreation they would (cf. Melian) [become] more and more earthbound, unable to return to spirit-state (even demon-form), until released by death (killing), and they would dwindle in force. When released they would, of course, like Sauron, be 'damned': i.e. reduced to impotence, infinitely recessive: still hating but unable more and more to make it effective physically (or would not a very dwindled dead Orc-state be a poltergeist?).

But again - would Eru provide fëar for such creatures? For the Eagles etc. perhaps. But not for Orcs.

It does however seem best to view Melkor's corrupting power as always starting, at least, in the moral or theological level. Any creature that took him for Lord (and especially those who blasphemously called him Father or Creator) became soon corrupted in all parts of its being, the fëa dragging down the hröa in its descent into Morgothism: hate and destruction. As for Elves being 'immortal': they in fact only had enormously long lives, and were themselves physically 'wearing out', and suffering a slow progressive weakening of their bodies.

In fact, your presumption that "Orcs appear to be sentient" is incorrect: it seems that orcs were not even considered sentient beings, but rather dumb beasts in humanoid form who could talk in a manner akin to parrots. Quoting the next paragraph from the same essay (again, emphasis mine):

In summary: I think it must be assumed that 'talking' is not necessarily the sign of the possession of a 'rational soul' or fëa. The Orcs were beasts of humanized shape (to mock Men and Elves) deliberately perverted I converted into a more close resemblance to Men. Their 'talking' was really reeling off 'records' set in them by Melkor. Even their rebellious critical words - he knew about them. Melkor taught them speech and as they bred they inherited this; and they had just as much independence as have, say, dogs or horses of their human masters. This talking was largely echoic (cf. parrots). In The Lord of the Rings Sauron is said to have devised a language for them.

The following quote from the Tale of Adanel (emphasis mine) shows that even choosing to serve Melkor greatly reduces one's fëa almost to destruction. So it makes sense that orcs, who were created as servants of Sauron and thereby Melkor, would have no fëa to begin with:

Some Men say that he blasphemed Eru, and denied His existence, or His power, and that our fathers assented, and took Melkor to be a Lord and God ; and that thereby our Fëar (Soul) denied their own true nature, and so became darkened and weakened almost to the death. And through the the weakness of the Fëar our Hroar (Body / Matter) fell into unhealth, and lay open to all evils and disorders of the world. And others say that Eru himself spoke in wrath saying: If the darkness be your God, little here shall you have of Light, but shall live it soon and come before Me, to learn who lies, Melkor or I who made him.

  • Is this answer roughly contemporaneous with the LOTR? – Matt Gutting Nov 20 '15 at 23:08
  • @MattGutting Not sure if I understand. If you're asking whether the passages I've quoted were written around the same time as LotR, well, you probably know HoME better than I do! – Rand al'Thor Nov 20 '15 at 23:14
  • Surprisingly I don't. – Matt Gutting Nov 20 '15 at 23:51
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    Very interesting, but I think it's overstating to call this "settled," and Tolkien contradicts himself repeatedly in the very essay you cite; despite suggesting that Orcs are just man-shaped beasts, he also asserts "It remains therefore terribly possible there was an Elvish strain in the Orcs" (this then begs the question of where new feär come from, but I think it's been asked already). It's also suggested in a later essay that the Orcs were not made by Morgoth out of whole cloth (and hence are not evil in origin). What a headache this is – Jason Baker Nov 21 '15 at 0:09
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    @MattGutting The cited essay on Orcs (the first two quotes) is suggested by CT to have been written between 1955 and 1959, but I don't think he comes down more definitively on it. Adanel is, I believe, from about the same time asAthrabeth Finrod ah Andreth, which is tentatively datesd to the late 50s – Jason Baker Nov 21 '15 at 0:14

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