Are there any known rules for the Hunger Games?

When Peeta and Katniss defied the traditional path of how Hunger Games have ended, it seemed that the Capitol did not have any set rules for how the Games are run besides "the last one standing wins".

  • 26
    "If you die, you lose" is one.
    – Jeff
    Feb 10, 2012 at 21:45

13 Answers 13


There is one official rule: Survive; the last one standing wins.

There are a few more rules that play into the Hunger Games but they are relatively minor compared to the above:

  • Potential tributes are not to be trained in weapons or hand-to-hand fighting. This one is primarily to prevent the Districts' residents becoming proficient with weapons. It is also largely overlooked, as "Careers" (Districts 1 and 2, which are close to the Capitol and relatively well-cared-for overall) are groomed from childhood to compete in the Games, and there it's a great honor to be chosen (or to volunteer), instead of it being a death sentence like in many other Districts where the tributes grow up half-starved and beaten down before being chosen.

  • Once "launched" into the arena, you have one minute to gather your bearings before the Games actually begin. You may not leave your platform; you may not even move, until that time has elapsed. If you do, land mines will ensure you're not much of a factor in the rest of the Games.

  • While generally any method of obtaining food and other survival necessities is fine, including of course killing your fellow tributes to get their stuff, cannibalism is frowned on. While not technically against the rules, it's such a dishonorable insult-to-injury that the last notable tribute to do it was killed in a rather suspicious avalanche, probably set off by the Gamemakers to make sure he didn't end up Champion. In general, once a tribute is killed, other tributes in the area should back off to let the bodies be collected.

Unofficially, you have to remember that the Games are designed to be a show of the Capitol's power; the Districts are powerless to stop the Reapings, and are forced to watch the Games every year as punishment for long-past recriminations. In addition, survival generally involves winning donations from "sponsors", either wealthy Capitol residents or, sometimes, the entire population of a District. These gifts can be a life or death thing, and so every tribute strives to win the notice of those sponsors.

So, a few more rules generally shake out:

  • Be entertaining. These are the Games after all; they are held for the Capitol's enjoyment. If your time in the arena is boring, you won't get much camera time, you won't get much sponsor notice, and you won't get many gifts.

  • Be honorable. Dirty, underhanded tricks will keep you alive, but they won't win you sponsors. Nobody roots for the bad-guy wrestlers. This is more a guideline; the Careers don't follow it, and one of the longest-surviving "independents", a girl Katniss calls "Foxface", is one of the sneakiest competitors in the Games, and makes it to the Final Four.

  • Play the Games the way the Capitol has designed. Nothing you do in the arena can EVER look like you're mocking the Capitol. From time to time the Gamemakers will kill a tribute, just to remind everyone that they can, and the natural choices are the ones that run and hide, or play the game in a manner that might reflect badly on the Capitol (like the whole cannibalism thing).

The reason Seneca Crane, the Head Gamemaker of the 74th Hunger Games, was executed by the Capitol is because he didn't immediately blow Kat away as soon as it became evident what she was planning with the nightlock berries. She was trying to cheat the Capitol, either by getting both herself and Peeta out of that arena, or by ensuring the Capitol would have no Champion to dress up and make dance for the year following the Games.


Haymitch says that the Capitol hated him because he outsmarted them. He used the force-fields to kill people in a way not intended, and the Capitol killed his entire family after the Games.

During the 74th Hunger Games, there was a rule added to spice things up; if the last two tributes were from the same District, they would both jointly win the Games. This means that Katniss (and Haymitch) can get both herself and Peeta out of the arena alive, and they have to fight a truly allied pair of tributes from District Two (Clove and Cato), who have also survived to hear that particular announcement.

The rule was rescinded at the last minute, to give the audience the ultimate thrill; watching two tributes from the same District, two self-styled lovers even, fight each other to the death, or else watch one of them sacrifice themselves so the other can go home to be a pariah in their home District. Of course, Katniss turns this on its head by forcing a decision; either they both go home Champions, or nobody does.


There's one main rule that is known: Survive.
There are a few unstated rules that Katniss is aware of and relays to the reader:

  • Be entertaining
  • Make Capital look good/magnanimous/etc.
  • Demonstrate total subservience and obedience to Capital

Formally, though, once in the arena.. Well, to quote Katniss:

There are no rules in the arena, but cannibalism doesn't play well with the Capitol audience, so they tried to head it off.

There are some related rules, but not much is ever said about them. Nor, in fact, are they really rewarded the way you are led to believe they will be. (See book 3 and details about any of the previous winners to understand.)

An example of a related rule, though, (referenced, rather than directly stated) is:

The tributes from 1, 2, and 4 traditionally have this look about them. It’s technically against the rules to train tributes before they reach the Capitol but it happens every year. In District 12, we call them the Career Tributes, or just the Careers. And like as not, the winner will be one of them.


Lots of people are forgetting one, which is that you are allowed one token to bring into the arena, which cannot be used as a weapon. In the book it describes people have tried to sneak poison in as a weapon through their token.

  • Good catch mate!
    – Möoz
    Aug 3, 2014 at 22:38
  • Nice point! I didn't notice it too! Oct 3, 2017 at 10:24

The rules are simple.

  1. Last one standing wins.
  2. Don't train for it, although that one doesn't seem to be enforced.
  3. Don't make the capital look stupid.

The last one covers a lot of ground, and isn't a formal rule, but if you break it, you could pay for it for the rest of your life.


There are many rules.

  1. You cannot step off your pedestal at the beginning of the Games before the minute is up (if you do you'll blow up);
  2. Tributes are not allowed fighting in the training area; if they do, they will be punished;
  3. Potential tributes are not allowed to train before being Reaped - this one isn't very enforced, though, thus the Careers;
  4. Do not isolate yourself at the edge of the arena - as seen in the first novel, when Katniss is almost at the edge of the arena, kilometers away from the rest of the tributes, the Gamemakers start a forest fire to turn her back. I believe that this rule was put in place after Haymitch won his Games by using the force field around the edge of the arena to kill the remaining tribute;
  5. As stated by Haymitch but technically not an official rule: Don't die.
  • 1
    I thought the reason for Katniss being turned back by the fire was to force her in closer proximity to the other tributes. Feb 25, 2014 at 9:18
  • It has been a while since I've seen/read the Hunger Games, but I think you're correct. What I had said was only my theory; but the rule remains true. Katniss isolated herself, so they turned her around to make sure she was nearby other tributes.
    – Dragona13
    Feb 25, 2014 at 13:14
  • That's true but the focus of the rule is on the distance from the other tributes, not the distance to the force field/arena edge. Feb 25, 2014 at 13:17
  • Like I said, it was only speculation. I inferred the rule's creation from Haymitch's win in the second Quarter Quell when he used the force field to kill the remaining tribute, because I remember reading that the Gamemakers were not happy.
    – Dragona13
    Feb 25, 2014 at 13:19
  • I disagree with #5. It is very much a rule to not die. If you break that rule, you're out of the game.
    – Kaz Wolfe
    Mar 2, 2015 at 19:44

Below I have collected everything relating to the Games described with the term rule throughout the three books. Obviously, some of them have already been mentioned in other answers, but some have not (including the one passage that is the only clear and deliberate explanation of the rules by Katniss). Some are more directly related to the Games themselves, while others are more about the peripheral activities that go along with the Games. Some might not precisely be official rules, but they are described as rules nonetheless. Similarly, there might be other rules that are not described as "rules". I have presented them in the order they appear in the books.

  • And even though the rules were set up by the Capitol, not the districts, certainly not Madge’s family, it’s hard not to resent those who don’t have to sign up for tesserae.

  • The rules of the Hunger Games are simple. In punishment for the uprising, each of the twelve districts must provide one girl and one boy, called tributes, to participate. The twenty-four tributes will be imprisoned in a vast outdoor arena that could hold anything from a burning desert to a frozen wasteland. Over a period of several weeks, the competitors must fight to the death. The last tribute standing wins.

  • The rule is that once a tribute’s name has been pulled from the ball, another eligible boy, if a boy’s name has been read, or girl, if a girl’s name has been read, can step forward to take his or her place.

  • “No,” says Haymitch, stopping him. “Let the bruise show. The audience will think you’ve mixed it up with another tribute before you’ve even made it to the arena.”
    “That’s against the rules,” says Peeta.
    “Only if they catch you. That bruise will say you fought, you weren’t caught, even better,” says Haymitch.

  • It’s technically against the rules to train tributes before they reach the Capitol but it happens every year.

  • “Wouldn’t you love to pull her back out here and get a response?” Caesar asks the audience. The crowd screams assent. “Sadly, rules are rules, and Katniss Everdeen’s time has been spent. Well, best of luck to you, Peeta Mellark, and I think I speak for all of Panem when I say our hearts go with yours.”

  • There was a guy like that a few years ago from District 6 called Titus. He went completely savage and the Gamemakers had to have him stunned with electric guns to collect the bodies of the players he'd killed before he ate them. There are no rules in the arena, but cannibalism doesn't play well with the Capitol audience, so they tried to head it off. There was some speculation that the avalanche that finally took Titus out was specifically engineered to ensure the victor was not a lunatic.

  • There’s been a rule change in the Games. A rule change! That in itself is mind bending since we don’t really have any rules to speak of except don’t step off your circle for sixty seconds and the unspoken rule about not eating one another. Under the new rule, both tributes from the same district will be declared winners if they are the last two alive.

  • I nod because I do understand. About owing. About hating it. I understand that if Thresh wins, he’ll have to go back and face a district that has already broken all the rules to thank me, and he is breaking the rules to thank me, too. And I understand that, for the moment, Thresh is not going to smash in my skull.

  • “Greetings to the final contestants of the Seventy-fourth Hunger Games. The earlier revision has been revoked. Closer examination of the rule book has disclosed that only one winner may be allowed,” he says. “Good luck and may the odds be ever in your favor.”

  • The beauty of this idea is that my decision to keep Peeta alive at the expense of my own life is itself an act of defiance. A refusal to play the Hunger Games by the Capitol's rules.

  • I'm sorry, Peeta, I think. I'm sorry I couldn't save you. Save him? More likely I stole his last chance at life, condemned him, by destroying the force field. Maybe, if we had all played by the rules, they might have let him live.


There's one other rule. The rules can be changed in the middle of the game. Capricious rule changes are another way the state demonstrates its absolute power.

  1. A boy and a girl between the ages of 12-18 will be presented in a public "reaping," where they will represent their districts as tributes.

  2. Tributes must wait a full 60 seconds before stepping off your plate. If you step off before then, you're legs will be blown off. Once the 60 seconds are up, the game begins.

  3. Don't offend the Capitol. This is one of the many implied rules, as it is not stated but obvious. If the Capitol feels that a Tribute has made a mockery of them in any way, they will suffer.

  4. Tributes are allowed one token to bring with them to the games. However, the tokens will be checked to ensure that they cannot be used as a weapon, or contain any other dangerous elements such as poison.

  5. There will be no canniballizm in the games. This rule is implied, as in one of the earlier games a tribute ate its victims, and the gamemakers killed him.

  6. Tributes are not permitted to fight while in training. If they do do, there will be consequences. All grudges held against another tribute will have to be saved until in the arena.

  7. The tributes (with the exception of the Careers) are not aloud to train before being reaped for the Hunger Games. Consequences are severe.

  8. Survival. This is a fight to the death. A lone Victor must remain. Note: the rule has been an exception for one game; the 74th Hunger Games.

              Good luck, and may the Odds be Ever in your Favor...

There are no rules for the Games. But certain choices have certain consequences.

For example, Katniss Everdeen and Peeta Mellark with the poison berries. The consequence of that choice was District Twelve being obliterated just as District Thirteen was. They humiliated the Capital. That was their consequence.

  • 2
    No, the changed rules for the Quarter Quell was the consequence for the stunt they pulled with the berries. The destruction of the entire district was for inciting the rebellion and for refusing to play the game as instructed in Catching Fire.
    – phantom42
    Jun 17, 2013 at 18:32

Generally, the Quarter Quell has rules that give the Games a sadistic twist, like voting for the tributes, double the amount of tributes, and returning victors, which is not supposed to happen in regular Games. There is one unspoken rule in the regular Hunger Games, which is no cannibalism, because Titus apparently freaked people out by eating his victims' hearts. And there can only be one victor, as that was in the "rule book." They said there was "further inspection," remember? So obviously the amount of victors is a rule (that Katniss and Peeta shattered).


There are probably some rules written by the capitol for the Hunger Games, but we never get to see exactly what they are. You can know this because in Katniss’ Hunger Games, Claudius Templesmith, the announcer says There has been a rule change. This implies that there had to be rules in the first place such as there can only be one winner. Other rules include that tributes must be at least twelve but no older than eighteen and they are permitted to bring one token from their district as long as that token give them no unfair advantages in the games. Despite these rather obvious rules, there are as Katniss says, “unwritten rules.” However the unwritten rules mostly just translate to do not be a complete animal and do not cause trouble with the capital. Actual examples of these unwritten rules are “don’t eat other tributes dead bodies,” and “let the capital collect the dead.”


There are a few rules but most aren’t highly in-forced.One rule is you can’t prepare in any way before you get to the Capital.But the “career tributes”do(District 1,2,and4)some of them have been preparing for almost their whole life.Most “careers” are volunteer and are eager to risk their lives for the chance of fame and fortune. Another rule is no eating other tributes(even once they’re dead).Eating humans is disgusting so when a boy from Six (I think)tried it they had to stun him so he stopped.This rule makes a who lot of sense…don’t fight tributes before you’re in the arena.I think everyone knows why but I’ll explain,for example what if someone used the weapons from training and killed off all the other tributes,what fun is that? You also are allowed one small item from your district,but one catch,no weapons.The district one girl,Glimmer,tryed bringing a rind that if you twisted the gem a poison dart would come out(fortunately they figured that out before it got into the arena).Also,you can’t step off your pedestal before the first minute of the games ends or you’ll get blown up (it would be tempting though because the supplies are right on front of you). One last rule is only one tribute can live.

This rule could be a spoiler for like the whole series.Okay so basically,Katniss gave Peeta nightlock and on the count of three they both would swallow them and die.But Senica Crane needed a victor so he stopped them and got executed after.But both Peeta and Katniss lived to be victors.Then the Quarter Quell happens and Peeta and Katniss renter the arena but a rebellion happens.And more then one person live that games.And then the weird but terrifying thing happens in Mockingjay in the capital.All the kids running around grabbing bombs that they don’t know are bombs and Prim dies. Well, not to end on a sad note but that’s it.Have a great day!

  • If you could edit in quotes from the book to back up your assertions this could be a fantastic answer. See How to Answer for more info, and while you're at it why not check out the tour and the help center.
    – fez
    Aug 30, 2022 at 6:06

Rules for the Hunger Games ##

     Rule #1: Fight to the death

     Rule #2: Before Games try to make people like you for sponsers

     Rule #3: Try not to make the Capitol hate you

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