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I may get some details wrong in this question, as my memory of the book and film versions of LOTR have muddled together, but I'll do the best that I can.

When Smeagol tells Frodo and Sam that there is another way into Mordor other than the Black Gate, he describes to them the stairs and the tunnel, but leaves out the part where the tunnel is Shelob's lair.

Up until the point where he believes he has been betrayed by Frodo at the Forbidden Pool, he was fully willing to help them to reach Mordor. So why would he not mention that they needed to pass through such a dangerous place as Shelob's lair?

Later on Gollum convinces Smeagol that they should lead them both into the trap for her to eat them, so that he can reclaim the ring, but why had he not mentioned the giant spider before this point?

The only reason I can think of is because they might not have gone that way had he told them in the first place about the danger that resided in the tunnels, but that seems far too manipulative for Smeagol.

Or did Gollum still have enough influence at this point to hold back the information about Shelob from Frodo, in order to bide his time and wait for the opportunity to convince Smeagol of this plan?

  • Because he wanted the ring. Being unsuccessful in killing them, he was hoping that Shelob would do the leg work. – Maël Nison Nov 27 '15 at 10:12
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    @MaëlNison I think that is the point. I may not be remembering it correctly, but it does not seem like something Smeagol would have done as he was loyal to Frodo. Leading them to Shelob's lair is 100% Gollum. So why didn't Smeagol say something before if it was the only way in? – psubsee2003 Nov 27 '15 at 10:22
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Sméagol-Gollum is a very complicated character at this time in his life. There is no doubt in my mind that Gollum always intended to sacrifice Frodo to Shelob, though exactly when he conceived of the plan is hard to determine.

However, the film's portrayal of his inner conflict isn't as exaggerated as it may appear; Frodo's treatment of him had begun to nurture the Sméagol side of his personality, and things may have gone differently if that side had won out.

My answer, then, is different depending on which personality you're talking about:

  • Gollum never intended to tell them because, as noted in answers by TheMathemagician and maguirenumber6, Gollum was intending to use Shelob to kill Frodo (something he couldn't do himself, because of his promise) so he could recover the Ring.

    Revealing his evil plan would be a rather silly thing to do at this point.

  • Sméagol didn't really have a plan, but, if he was ever going to tell them, he would have done so not long before, on the Stairs:

    Gollum looked at [Frodo and Sam]. A strange expression passed over his lean hungry face. The gleam faded from his eyes, and they went dim and grey, old and tired. A spasm of pain seemed to twist him, and he turned away, peering back up towards the pass, shaking his head, as if engaged in some interior debate. Then he came back, and slowly putting out a trembling hand, very cautiously he touched Frodo's knee - but almost the touch was a caress. For a fleeting moment, could one of the sleepers have seen him, they would have thought that they beheld an old weary hobbit, shrunken by the years that had carried him far beyond his time, beyond friends and kin, and the fields and streams of youth, an old starved pitiable thing.

    But at that touch Frodo stirred and cried out softly in his sleep, and immediately Sam was wide awake. The first thing he saw was Gollum - 'pawing at master,' as he thought.

    'Hey you!' he said roughly. 'What are you up to?'

    'Nothing, nothing,' said Gollum softly. 'Nice Master!'

    'I daresay,' said Sam. 'But where have you been to - sneaking off and sneaking back, you old villain?'

    Gollum withdrew himself, and a green glint flickered under his heavy lids. Almost spider-like he looked now, crouched back on his bent limbs, with his protruding eyes. The fleeting moment had passed, beyond recall.

    The Two Towers Book IV Chapter 8: "The Stairs of Cirith Ungol"

This last point bears expanding on.

Tolkien says in numerous letters that this moment was the closest Sméagol-Gollum came to repentance; a selection include:

I was prob. most moved by Sam's disquisition on the seamless web of story, and by the scene when Frodo goes to sleep on his breast, and the tragedy of Gollum who at that moment came within a hair of repentance – but for one rough word from Sam.

The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien 96: To Christopher Tolkien. January 1945

I am most stirred by the sound of the horses of the Rohirrim at cockcrow; and most grieved by Gollum's failure (just) to repent when interrupted by Sam

The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien 165: To the Houghton Mifflin Co. June 1955

By temporizing, not fixing the still not wholly corrupt Smeagol-will towards good in the debate in the slag hole, he weakened himself for the final chance when dawning love of Frodo was too easily withered by the jealousy of Sam before Shelob's lair. After that he was lost.

The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien 181: To Michael Straight (draft). February 1956

If [Sam] had understood better what was going on between Frodo and Gollum, things might have turned out differently in the end. For me perhaps the most tragic moment in the Tale comes in II 323 ff. when Sam fails to note the complete change in Gollum's tone and aspect. 'Nothing, nothing', said Gollum softly. 'Nice master!'. His repentance is blighted and all Frodo's pity is (in a sense) wasted. Shelob's lair became inevitable.

The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien 246: To Mrs. Eileen Elgar (Draft). September 1963

The last one I find especially interesting; "Shelob's lair became inevitable" suggests to me that, had he repented at this moment, he could have avoided their confrontation with Shelob; Tolkien implies this more directly later in Letter 246 (emphasis mine):

Sam could hardly have acted differently. (He did reach the point of pity at last (III 221-222) but for the good of Gollum too late.) If he had, what could then have happened? The course of the entry into Mordor and the struggle to reach Mount Doom would have been different, and so would the ending.

The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien 246: To Mrs. Eileen Elgar (Draft). September 1963

Whether Sméagol would have told the hobbits, "Oh, by the way, watch out for the hungry spider-monster," or whether he would have kept silent and just taken a different route through the tunnels, or if he would have found or remembered another way over the Ephel Dúath, is unknown.

However, the ultimate answer for the Sméagol personality is that he just wasn't strong enough yet; Tolkien remarks in letter 181 quoted above) about Sméagol's "temporizing [...] in the debate in the slag-hole"; the moment he references is this one (emphasis mine)1:

Most Precious Gollum! Must have it. We wants it, we wants it, we wants it!'

'But there's two of them. They'll wake too quick and kill us,' whined Sméagol in a last effort. 'Not now. Not yet.'

The Two Towers Book IV Chapter 2: "The Passage of the Marshes"

The fact that Sméagol loses this debate, despite clearly not wanting to kill Frodo, is proof enough that he isn't the dominant side of the personality; Gollum still has too much control, and (as Tolkien suggests in letter 181), Sméagol weakens his own resolve here by giving in.


1 This is earlier in the same conversation referenced in Daniel Roseman's answer

  • This is exactly what I was looking for, thanks, particularly pinpointing the exact moment in the book that he makes the decision. It's nice to know that he was still undecided whether to betray them even at the stairs, and there was actually good still in him up until that point. – Mike.C.Ford Nov 27 '15 at 17:10
  • @Mike.C.Ford I don't think he was undecided, just that he almost changed his mind about it. But, hey; you say potato – Jason Baker Nov 27 '15 at 17:11
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He wasn't ever completely loyal, even before Frodo's supposed betrayal.

The debate between the "Slinker" and "Stinker" parts of Gollum happens three chapters before the events at the pool. It's in that conversation that Stinker comes up with the plan to go via Cirith Ungol: "She might help. She might, yes."

1

The whole Sméagol/Gollum dichotomy was exaggerated in the film version for cinematic effect. Sméagol was never going to tell them about Shelob. As soon as he revealed he knew another way in (Cirith Ungol) he was planning their demise. Sméagol didn't fear Shelob as he actually had some sort of relationship with her, as reported by the Orc-Captain Shagrat describing her "Sneak":

You must have seen him: little, thin, black fellow; like a spider himself, or perhaps more like a starved frog. He's been up before. Came out of Lugburz the first time, years ago, and we had word from High Up to let him pass. He's been on the Stairs once or twice since then, but we've left him alone: seems to have some understanding with Her Ladyship.

Sméagol's plan is for Shelob to kill Frodo (and Sam) as he believes (perhaps incorrectly) that she has no interest in rings and he'll be able to retrieve The Ring after she's finished.

It may well be, O yes, it may well be that when She throws away the bones and the empty garments, we shall find it, we shall get it, the Precious, a reward for poor Sméagol who brings nice food.

  • While this is largely true, it oversimplifies the relationship between Sméagol and Frodo; Sméagol really did care about Frodo, so it still seems completely fair to ask why he would knowingly lead the hobbits into a trap – Jason Baker Nov 27 '15 at 16:23
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Gollum wants the Ring above all else, but at this point the Smeagol side of his personality still has some influence, and he still wants to "help nice Master". Smeagol recognises that Frodo and Sam have to get into Mordor, and suggests the southern route as it seems to his mind to be "less watched" than the ceaseless vigilance they encountered at the Black Gate. The "She might help" comment comes out when Gollum realises that Shelob could help him get rid of the hobbits, and that he would be able to reclaim his Precious "when she throws away the bones and empty clothes". Shelob had no use for rings or other treasures, wanting only to satisfy her hunger, so to answer your question, he was not going to ever mention Shelob, because it suited his purposes not to, and the hobbits would never have gone that way had he done so.

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