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Is Georges Méliès' film A Trip to the Moon (1902) the first science fiction film ever made? Or are there any SF films before it? I've searched and researched, on and off since I first saw it in a college film class, but have never found one that was earlier. Are there any that predate it?

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The first sci-fi short movie made as sci-fi is clearly A Trip to the Moon. There are two earlier pieces that have sci-fi elements in them:

  • La Charcuterie mécanique from 1895 - a mechanical butcher.
  • The Clown and the Automaton from 1897 - a circus performer producing an automaton that grew in size.

But you are asking about sci-fi movies, and A Trip to the Moon is the first short movie ever using this theme all the way through.

Wikipedia references:

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    How can you say, "clearly?" While you do have Wikipedia links, that is not considered the most authoritative source in the world. Proving something doesn't exist is much harder than proving something does exist. – Tango Feb 12 '12 at 15:19
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    @TangoOversway Clearly, "clearly" in this context means that according to the sources there's no dispute of which is the first scifi movie. In other terms, the question is such that the answer could be difficult to decide on (e.g. does X constitute as scifi and so on), but it happens there si no such difficulties. Thus, clearly. Leave your personal mistrust of wikipedia out of it, please. – Ilari Kajaste Feb 12 '12 at 18:11

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