Is Georges Méliès' film A Trip to the Moon (1902) the first science fiction film ever made? Or are there any SF films before it? I've searched and researched, on and off since I first saw it in a college film class, but have never found one that was earlier. Are there any that predate it?
The first sci-fi short movie made as sci-fi is clearly A Trip to the Moon. There are two earlier pieces that have sci-fi elements in them:
- La Charcuterie mécanique from 1895 - a mechanical butcher.
- The Clown and the Automaton from 1897 - a circus performer producing an automaton that grew in size.
But you are asking about sci-fi movies, and A Trip to the Moon is the first short movie ever using this theme all the way through.