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A common theme throughout the series is Data doing what he could to become more human. But of all the alien species out there, why did he pick human? Why not Ferengi or whatever Q was?

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    Note: this is not a duplicate of Why does Data want to be human? – David says Reinstate Monica Dec 6 '15 at 1:25
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    out-of-universe Star Trek especially TNG is a bit anthropocentric, see Q's fascination with humanity, most things Picard says, etc. – djechlin Dec 6 '15 at 5:30
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    @djechlin Yes, humans tend to like humans. But out of universe answers tend to be boring on this site:P – David says Reinstate Monica Dec 6 '15 at 5:31
  • According to who did Data want to be human? I think the main point is he wanted to be a biological life form. – Celeritas Dec 7 '15 at 4:48
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For a start, Data's 'father' N. Soong was human. Children often seek to grow up and become like their parents, and the same instinct may apply to androids created in their maker's image.

Add to that the fact that the majority of the Starfleet officers and other people surrounding Data, the people he might possibly see as role models, were human, and you have a pretty compelling reason why he should see humans as special.

Sure, he might have known and been friends with some non-humans too, but it definitely makes sense that he'd want to be human more than anything else.

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    He was also designed to look like/mimic a human... He'd have to go through some physical changes to look like most other species... – Catija Dec 6 '15 at 1:43
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    Also, most other "non-humans" were pretty human too. Vulcans were near-human (they simply suppressed their emotions). And Q weren't known (and kind of unpleasant, from Data's human-centric value system) – DVK-on-Ahch-To Dec 6 '15 at 1:46
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    @Catija Most, but not all. Vulcans look pretty similar to humans, and there must be other species that are even closer... – Rand al'Thor Dec 6 '15 at 1:50
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    It should be noted that while he had no initial choice as to his physical appearance, his "daughter" Lal was given a choice of any 'design' 'she' might choose and Lal chose to imitate her father Data and took on a similar appearance. – NKCampbell Dec 6 '15 at 2:07
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    Speaking of Vulcan, Data and Spock discuss the question why Data wants to be human instead of, e.g., Vulcan in this scene, however, there is no real answer given. :) – tmh Dec 6 '15 at 6:31
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In addition to the points made by @rand, there is one other key point: Data was designed to surpass his programming. Considering his programming, the one key thing that distinguishes him from most organic species is his inability to be experience emotions. Yes, he could try to become a Vulcan and with some minor anatomical changes could achieve it, but Vulcans also experience emotions. But what would the point be of working so hard to experience emotions only to suppress them?

The other key point is he was designed in the form of a human, so it is rather logical to aim to become more like them!

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I always took datas attempt to be "human" not literally but more like an image. If you look at the series (all star trek series) the human way of life (mortality, compassion, ....) are the dominant factor and regardless of which species shows them to an even greater content as humans......its the humans who are used as showcase there.

So in essence I never saw data as attempting to become a human per se, but he wanted traits that humans and other species shared.......and due to the series lookout (and also he himself being designed by a human) he called it become like humans (the traits being emotions, no immortality, ....).

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A common theme throughout the series...

If you take a further step back, I think you'll find that a common theme throughout the series is, "What does it meant to be human?"

The original Star Trek had Spock with a mixture of humanity and something not-quite-human to explore the internal battle, bringing out thoughts, ideas, and concepts on what it means to be human. Rather than trying to show Kirk having an internal battle between what is right and what is just, or what is humane and what is permitted by regulation, this difficulty could be placed on a character who was explicitly designed to make the comparison easier to film and stage as an external exploration, rather than an internal thought process.

While they continued to throw the crew at other cultures and in other situations that would explore their humanity, having a crewmember on board to articulate and compare one perspective - logic, rules, authority - against human perspective - relationships, compassion, justice - makes the exploration easier to exhibit as part of the dialogue and action.

Having Data attempt to become some other species wouldn't have fulfilled that role nearly as neatly, and again you'd be trying to force thoughts and feelings internal to the human crew out into the open.

Notably, some of the other characters served similar purposes. Deanna Troi, for instance, was able to verbalize feelings, important because Data did not have the capability Spock had of exploring human feelings. By breaking the human:logic comparison away from human:non-feeling you can explore more intricate concepts where the two, logic and lack of feeling, are often conflated and difficult to tease apart.

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    Given the question starts off talking out-of-universe with "A common theme throughout the series" and doesn't explicitly ask for in-universe answers, I've approached it out of universe. I think the other answers are great for in-universe reasons. – Adam Davis Dec 7 '15 at 13:09

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