I understand that the other Force abilities such as Force Choke, Force Push, and telekinesis are possible through influencing the midi chlorians on and around the object you are trying to manipulate.
This is not really true. The canon explanation for what midi-chlorians actually do is:
Midi-chlorians are a microscopic lifeform that reside within all
living cells and communicates with the Force...Without the
midi-chlorians, life could not exist, and we would have no knowledge of the
Force. They continually speak to you, telling you the will of the Force.
Qui-Gon Jinn, Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace
The Legends novel Darth Plagueis also provides a nice explanation of what midi-chlorians do:
A common misconception held that midi-chlorians were Force-carrying particles, when in fact they functioned more as translators, interlocutors of the will of the Force.
Darth Plagueis, p. 17
The Force itself, however, is an energy field:
The Force is what gives a Jedi his power. It's an energy field created by all living things. It surrounds us and penetrates us; it binds the galaxy together.
Obi-Wan Kenobi, Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
The Force is created by living things but it is an energy field which can affect inanimate objects. This is how Force-sensitive individuals are able to exert a force on non-living objects (such as when Luke pulled his lightsaber to himself in the wampa cave, Darth Vader pulled Han Solo's blaster out of his hand, etc.). The midi-chlorians themselves don't exert any force -- they simply "translate" the will of the Force to an individual so that the individual can call on the Force to exert a physical force.
As an energy field, the Force can perform work. For abilities like telekinesis, Force users perform mechanical work on objects (whether living or not). For Force Lightning, Sith perform electrical work -- they move electric charges, which creates the electric current that is visible as lightning.