Not sure if this was a book or a short-story. I read it in the late 80s. Teleportation devices had been built, but you needed both a send-unit and receiver-unit to transport something. So the two or three-man crew of a spacecraft was carrying one of these devices to an outpost on another planet, so a teleport link could be established. While enroute, they maintained contact with Earth, so they could teleport back when they were not on duty.
Unfortunately, they somehow lost the link. One of them tries to “tune-in the Earth station” and gets a strong signal. His crew-mate immediately steps thru, but they find out they’ve linked to an alien receiver. Later, an alien comes thru the teleporter to bring back the body of the now dead crewman. (The alien world had a poisonous atmosphere or something.)
I think there’s also a scene where the crewman’s body is returned to his family on Earth. The crewman’s father doesn’t regret his son’s death but says something like “they must do these (risky) things because they are men.”