From previous answers here, and "general knowledge" (in other words, having seen every episode of all three Stargate shows, but not necessarily remembering all of them), a 7 symbol gate address is coordinates for a gate, and an 8 symbol gate address includes distance, then gate coordinates.
When they dial the stargate on the Destiny, they have no idea where the gate they're dialing is or what kind of place it is in. I don't remember a clear specification of what the 9th symbol was for. However, at the time, they had no way of knowing the gate was on the Destiny and the Destiny had been travelling for millennia. Even if gates were dialing each other every few thousand years, there would be no way of knowing Destiny's coordinates, since it was moving so rapidly.
The other issue is that Destiny didn't have the power to open a wormhole back to the Milky Way to update other gates with its coordinates.
In other words, there's no way the Milky Way gates could know, at that time, the coordinates of the Destiny.
How were they able to dial it without knowing the distance or coordinates or anything about where the gate was?