Having just finished the Mageborn series by Michael G. Manning, I was reminded by the events in the first book, The Blacksmith's Son, of another fantasy novel series.
Here are the similarities that I remember:
- The Boy-child whisked away by a female warrior.
- Female warrior fighting pursuers and leaving some items for the boy with the commoner foster parents.
- The Boy is friends with the child/children of the local lord and visits the castle/keep.
- The Boy becomes a wizard.
It is quite possible that in a later books he visits a fantasy Arabic-like country, and in another there may be a sea-voyage, possibly even a stranding.
I cannot remember any more details, be it the publication date (definitively pre-2010), number of books in the series (<8;~5), ...