Are there terms that describe a science fiction story that strictly adheres to, I guess, plausible science concepts and technology versus science fiction were the science is really just made up and is theoretically impossible? I know a lot of sci-fi TV shows, like Battlestar Galactica, employed physicists and other scientists as consultants to make sure things were accurate, whereas other shows that I won't name employed people solely to fill in technical- and sciency-sounding words in the script.
Another sub-genre is called Techno-thriller. Stories in this genre include many (relative to other genres) technical details. The specific abilities of technology often drive the plot. There is a big emphasis on real-world or plausible near-future technology. This genre often overlaps hard sci-fi, military fiction, and spy fiction.
Notable authors include Michael Crighton, Tom Clancy, Douglas Preston, and Neal Stephenson.