Are there terms that describe a science fiction story that strictly adheres to, I guess, plausible science concepts and technology versus science fiction were the science is really just made up and is theoretically impossible? I know a lot of sci-fi TV shows, like Battlestar Galactica, employed physicists and other scientists as consultants to make sure things were accurate, whereas other shows that I won't name employed people solely to fill in technical- and sciency-sounding words in the script.
The usual term is "hard science."
If that's not what you're looking for, can you narrow down what you mean by "plausible science concepts and technology"? For instance, FTL drives aren't based on any known scientific concepts, so are you ruling out all SF with FTL travel?
"Hard SF" is a sub-genre that basically try to keep within the accepted parameters of known science.
But it can still be pretty out there. Consider Alisdair Reynold's Revelation Space universe. FTL travel is impossible, but far-out stuff like nanotech, life extension and AI is not.
Another sub-genre is called Techno-thriller. Stories in this genre include many (relative to other genres) technical details. The specific abilities of technology often drive the plot. There is a big emphasis on real-world or plausible near-future technology. This genre often overlaps hard sci-fi, military fiction, and spy fiction.
Notable authors include Michael Crighton, Tom Clancy, Douglas Preston, and Neal Stephenson.