# In Harry Potter, how old will a wizard live to be on average?

In the Harry Potter series is it clear that magically-inclined individuals (witches/wizards) will live to be considerably older than their Muggle counterparts? From the question Dumbledore's Age, it is given that Dumbledore was roughly 115 years old when he died, and at that age he hardly seemed ready to kick the bucket naturally.

With that in mind, how old will a wizard typically live to be, barring accidents or murder?

• Nicolaus Flamel is a pretty big outlier on life expectancy. Feb 24, 2012 at 15:34
• Until they die, just like Muggles.
– Jeff
Feb 24, 2012 at 19:00
• The existence of Horcruxes, Hallows, and Philosophers' Stones render this question pretty much unanswerable mathematically. Infinity kind of has a way of screwing with averages. Sep 11, 2017 at 11:45

Well, Technically, they're supposed to have the same age span.

However, as JKR puts it in this conversation*,

Question: How old is old in the wizarding world, and how old are Professors Dumbledore and McGonagall?

J.K. Rowling: Dumbledore is a hundred and fifty, and Professor McGonagall is a sprightly seventy. Wizards have a much longer life expectancy than Muggles. (Harry hasn't found out about that yet.)

Wizards do have a longer life expectancy than their Muggle counterparts for reasons explained below.

A lot of the things old people die of can be cured at St. Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries, for wizards.

Note that, wizards have better medical remedies as compared to what muggles use.

Madame Pomfrey, the school nurse, can mend bones in one night, while muggles must wear a cast for months at a time, have months or more of physical therapy and still aren't able to use that broken body part the same way.

If you look at the 15 most common causes of deaths world wide, the only two that can't be cured by some potion or drink are suicide and road accidents.

You're extremely unlikely to die of a road accident if you don't drive, which wizards don't.

So if you can avoid committing suicide, and also if you don't belong to Voldemort's era, you're fairly safe.

*Shamelessly copied from Slytherincess' answer here

• A nice read, but this doesn't really answer how long a wizard should reasonably expect to live. Feb 24, 2012 at 14:50
• It's good, but while wizards have access to better medical care, they also live in a more dangerous world. Even not counting Death Eaters, spells go wrong, potions are brewed incorrectly, cursed (or just joke) items cause injury, and the normal methods of Wizarding travel could result in you falling thousands of feet to your death, or leaving some critical body part behind. Feb 24, 2012 at 15:46
• Some wizards drive, including Ron. Jul 26, 2015 at 0:09
• @b_jonas He flies more than he drives, though… Jul 26, 2015 at 8:40
• @Xantec: There's no answer to this question. The best you're going to get is Rowling saying "wizards live much longer than muggles." Anything else is speculation at best. Jul 26, 2015 at 14:01

As per @ykombinator's explanation, I think life expectancy should be around 100, considering that the human body decays a lot after that age, even when the person has been reasonably healthy.

In fact, since life expectancy in developed countries is around 80, and the oldest of muggles reach 115 to 120 (=80+35~40), it seems reasonable to assume that a healthy average wizard will live 15~25 more years than a muggle, which gives 100 as a possible value for life expectancy in the wizarding world, with a maximum of 145 to 150 (100+45~50).

Note that, even if Dumbledore was "around 150" instead of 115, these numbers are still possible.

To wrap up, a wizard who is over 100 is just old. McGonnagall wasn't young anymore, but she wasn't too old yet. 80 to 90 seems a good number for "average".

In the canonical play Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, we learn that, in 2020 (Albus Potter's fourth year), the trolley witch on the Hogwarts Express has been working in the train for 190 years - she says she was hired as protector of the train (and tasked with preventing students from jumping off it) by Ottaline Gambol, Minister for Magic from 1827 to 1835... If the revelation of her age is played for laughs in the play, it still calls into question the very reason why Voldemort felt compelled to create Horcruxes!

Furthermore, the play shows that McGonagall (born in 1935, 85 at that point) is still Headmistress of Hogwarts, that Madam Pomfrey (who already worked there in 1971, leading a young Lupin to the Whomping Willow) is still the nurse and that Madam Hooch is still the Flying instructor. Although, for instance, Professor Sprout (who, dixit Pottermore, studied at Hogwarts roughly at the same time as McGonagall) has been replaced by Neville in Herbology and there is a Professor Mazoni either for DADA or Charms (in which case he has replaced Flitwick, who was already supervising the Marauders' OWLs in 1976).

As you mentioned, JK's old site's Wizard of the Month feature, Dumbledore was revealed to have been born in 1881 - and we know he was killed in 1997, so at 115-116 years old, at which age he still was able to swim to the grotto containing Voldemort's Locket Horcrux.

On Pottermore, JK writes that Isolt Sayre, the founder of the American Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, died at 100 years old - in other words, the same age as her Muggle husband... Has magic helped keep him alive that long? Also, by 2020 Petunia Dursley, born before 1960, has died, at a relatively young age for a Muggle woman.

But one could put a caveat here: if wizards like the trolley witch and Dumbledore can live longer than Muggles, it seems they are quite often prone to magical illnesses that can make them die prematurely - like dragon pox, whose victims include: Minister for Magic Eldritch Diggory (at an unknown age), Abraxas Malfoy (whose son Lucius was born in 1954, and who died before 1996), James Potter's "elderly" parents Euphemia and Fleamont (who had him late in life), and the apparently middle-aged parents of Tina and Queenie Goldstein.

Another magical cause of death was also brought up in Cursed Child: Astoria Greengrass (Draco Malfoy's wife) died at 37-38 years old of a "blood malediction" cast on an ancestor of hers.

Of course, if you take into account the two wizarding wars, average wizarding lives become even shorter - Colin Creevey died at 16 years old, Fred Weasley at 20, Lily Evans and James Potter at 21, Tonks at 24-25, and Sirius Black, Remus Lupin and Severus Snape all in their thirties.

• I've never seen a sentence I've liked less than "In the canonical play Harry Potter and the Cursed Child..." But this answer has some really good ideas about ages.
– Lou
May 18, 2019 at 10:50

I could go out on a limb and say twice that of Muggles. If you look at Marchbanks, the professor that took Dumbledore's OWL, she should be atleast around 20 years older than him, which'll mean 170-175. So 170-200 years shouldn't be impossible.

• If Dumbledore was 115, and Marchbanks is 20 years older, that puts her at 135. Where are you getting the other 40 years from? Jan 11, 2016 at 13:15
• From the movie, where Ron says he's 150. I think it was Half-Blood Prince. Jan 11, 2016 at 13:22
• @phantom42 Also, the answer above. Jan 11, 2016 at 13:24
• The site doesn't work like that. There is no specific "answer above". Best to include quotes in your answer that references Dumbledore's age and the difference in age between him and Marchbanks, since the question (possibly incorrectly) states that Dumbledore was only 115 at the time of death. Jan 11, 2016 at 13:26
• I never said you should accept it. I suggested that you provide a quote stating that he was 150 to back up your answer. Jan 11, 2016 at 13:36

In Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (the film), There is a wizard named Barry Wee Willie Winkle mentioned in a Daily Prophet Article:

"Barry Wee Willie Winkle celebrates his 755th birthday in style tonight by throwing a huge party for all the wizards and witches he has ever known. 30 million are expected to attend tonight." —"Oldest Wizard is 755", The Daily Prophet, 14 August, 1991

So without a philosopher stone this wizard lived to be 45 years short of 800 and there is no mention of him dying so by the epilogue he could have reached the age of 788. But the Life expectancy is usually around 137 1/2 according their Ministry of Divine Health.

However both of these use the movies as references so it might be non-canon or only semi-canon to the books.

• Which bit of the film was this seen? Do you have a screenshot? Mar 23, 2016 at 15:46
• The Daily Prophet is not overly concerned with journalistic integrity --- ace reporter Rita Skeeter doesn't let accuracy get in the way of a good story, for example --- so its articles may only be true in the Kenobi sense. Apr 11, 2017 at 14:05
• I don't know about you guys, but I'm much more interested in how the Queen's Corgi was turned into a hamster ...
– Lou
May 18, 2019 at 10:51

due to a high number of potions, spells, and other magical things a wizard would probably live a little longer. Dumbledore had also co invented the sorcerers stone which and some of it could have had a slight effect on his body.

According to http://harrypotter.wikia.com Armando Dippet (a former Headmaster of Hogwarts) was more than 300 years old when he died. There is also a mention of an ancient age flying test that he was supposed to pass when turning 355 years old. I would say that wizards seem to be aging four times slower than muggles.

• Ah, well, that's from the movie :/ I know Xantec didn't specify which canon, but a throwaway line in a paper from the second movie doesn't seem all that authoritative, especially when it flies so blatantly in the face of other ages
– jono
Feb 25, 2013 at 16:03
• I understand that the movie canon's value is questionable. In the books, aside from Albus Dumbledore's age (Rowling must have felt a wizard could be 150 years old to say it was his age, although the book implies he just graduated from Hogwarts when he met Gellert Grindelwald in 1899) there is Bathilda Bagshot who was already an adult when the Dumbledore brothers were children. I wouldn't be surprised if she was more than 150 years old before she got killed. Feb 26, 2013 at 7:18
• For the record, Rowling said (I'll find a reference ASAP) that Dippet's enormous age was not by design, but one hundred per cent cannon in the books. That is, she realised that for him to be in all the times she wanted him to be he would be around three hundred years old, but had no problem with this and was happy with it. So just to clarify, the age of Dippet is book cannon, while the flying test is film cannon. Jan 24, 2014 at 18:35
• @MacCooper - Where in the books is it ever even implied that Dippet is 300 years old? And I highly doubt that Rowling ever said that.
– ibid
Apr 9, 2017 at 1:10

I would guess that Wizards with access to good potions are, in effect, biologically immortal, and don't experience the deterioration from old age that we muggles do.

As a result, Wizards only die due to accidents, disease, murder, or suicide.

It wouldn't surprise me in the slightest if, during Voldemort's first rise to power, he specifically targeted old people, to get their political power to pass on to his followers, most or all of whom were his age or younger.

It's also easy to imagine many old wizards who are, or were, fantastic with shield spells, but too infirm to physically dodge well, making them easy victims of the killing curse.

In short, Voldemort and his Death Eaters might have decreased wizardkind's average lifespan noticeably... which makes the question harder to answer.

Also, methuselahs such as Dippet, Flamel, and Winkle might have been statistical outliers, not the norm.

Basically, if you are asking because you want to write a story, pick any number you want, justify it in your head, and make sure your stories details are consistent with your justification.

If you are asking because you are just curious, you're going to have to with the age stated by the Ministry of Divine Health, which was 137¾, at the particular time of publishing of that particular issue of the Daily Prophet... we can only hope that MoDH has good mathematicians, and that the Prophet didn't change the numbers to make things sound better.

• Nah, I don't think your first assumption is true. Or the others, for that matter. Apr 8, 2017 at 17:35