I know a few of them but I don't recognize them all.
In brief, from top-to-bottom:
- The Doctor's TARDIS (Doctor Who)
- Millennium Falcon (Star Wars)
- Battlestar Galactica (Battlestar Galactica)
- Saturn V rocket (Apollo missions)
- Discovery One (2001: A Space Odyssey)
- USS Enterprise (Star Trek)
- Serenity (Firefly)
And once again, with pictures and a bit more commentary:
The Doctor's TARDIS. This is the time machine used in Doctor Who, and as far as I know the only one of these ships with any time travel capabilities – hence it appearing at both ends of the spectrum. A fault in its chameleon circuit means that it’s (almost) always disguised as a 1963 police telephone box.
The Millennium Falcon. This is the spaceship flown by Han Solo in Star Wars – so far it’s appeared in Episode IV to Episode VII. The “long, long time ago” refers to the opening crawl of the films.
Battlestar Galactica. From the show of the same name. This was the only one I wasn’t sure about, but googling the 148,000 BC pointed me in the direction of this show. Hard to see the profile, but here’s a picture:
Discovery One. This is the spaceship in 2001: A Space Odyssey.
USS Enterprise. This is from Star Trek, but there’s some disagreement as to exactly which model the image depicts – see the comments below.
The Serenity. This comes from the Firefly series.