The minuscule Type 1 phaser (or "cricket") seemed to be the weapon of choice for Starfleet personnel in the first season of Star Trek: The Next Generation. It was almost never seen in later seasons, reportedly because the show's production staff realized it was too small for viewers to make out on their television screens. For the rest of TNG, and also in later series like DS9 and Voyager, Starfleet crew almost always use pistol-like Type 2 phasers or rifle-like Type 3 phasers.
Has there been any in-universe explanation, preferably in the primary canon of the various TV series and movies, but also considering other licensed works such as novels and video games, for why the Type 1 phaser fell out of use? Failing that, has there been any generally agreed-upon informed speculation in the fan community?