I don't think we know enough to know if Barry ages or not, but I think the premise of your question is not correct.
I know that in the source comics, Flash (the Barry Allen one) is not alive in the future that Thawne is from; he is an historical figure that Thawne studies and wants to emulate. Thawne eventually figures out (partly by accident) where and when Barry was born -- and also ends up going completely bonkers. His feud with The Flash crosses through time all over the place.
I think we are supposed to make a similar conclusion when it relates to the TV show. The reason that The Flash was in Thawne's future was because he chased Thawne there, not because he was still alive.
Note that Thawne has a newspaper article that he claims is something that happened in his timeline (the one he shows Eddie, about Iris's last name as Allen) that claims Flash disappeared during the Red Skies crisis. There's also a Flash museum, and while it's not impossible to have a museum to someone who's still alive, it would be kinda creepy.
To me, those hints are all leading to the conclusion that Barry Allen isn't alive in Thawne's time, but went there to fight him.