This is tough because I read this story probably decades ago, so memory is hard served. I do remember that the gold was collected from the victims' teeth and fillings in a Nazi camp, and that some retribution is exacted upon those who come into contact with it. I thought the title might be "Martyr's Gold" But I am unable to locate this story anywhere. Any knowledge or help is appreciated
"The Substance of Martyrs" by William Sambrot, first published in the December 1963 issue of Rogue, reprinted in the 1965 anthology Alfred Hitchcock Presents Stories Not for the Nervous, available online from KCK Literacy Curriculum.
“Can’t you guess where that gold came from?” Dumphrey said. “Hohler was one of the butchers of Dachau. Stripping the rings from his victims’ fingers as they were led wailing into the gas chambers. Wrenching the gold teeth and fillings from their lifeless mouths as they were fed into the furnaces. Accumulating his pile of gold, melting it down into bars—“
I think that must be the story you wanted. However, the part about "retribution" does not exactly match. Some Christians have innocently made the gold into a new crucifix for their church, being unaware of the true origin of the gold bars, believing the gold to be from their old crucifix which had been stolen by Nazis, and which they erroneously believed to have been made of gold. And far from being "cursed":
Above the altar that strangely serene, that powerful golden figure enveloped them in a warmth they’d never known before.
And as if to prove that God was indeed among them, there occurred then the first of the miracles attribute to the golden Christ. A child, a victim of a shelling attack, had been brought to the service. The child had been buried alive in the ruins of his blasted home, pinned beneath the bodies of his parents. When they’d dug him out, he had shrieked once, then it was as though a light had been extinguished within him: his eyes went blank. He became mute, an unresisting, and unsmiling creature, with no spark of humanity.
But in the church he’d look upon the golden Christ. A faint light leaped into his eyes. He stared. His eyes became brighter. Brighter. And suddenly he screamed, a terrible, piercing scream. He began to cry. The tears were real, genuine tears of emotion. He was alive again, a thinking, feeling human soul; in great anguish—but sane.
“He is a strong young man now, with children of his own,” Dumphrey finished, as we walked down the worn stone steps and back to the car. “His was the first, but there have been similar . . . cures.”