Data is an android, of course, so it stands to reason that he can run faster than the typical humanoids. Is there anything in canon (or otherwise) that speaks to this?
The only time I can recall Data running is in "Silicon Avatar."
PICARD: Stand by, Number One. Assuming that they're still together, how far could they have travelled in three hours?
LAFORGE: Well, Data can move pretty fast even over rough terrain, but based on what we know about the Borg, I don't think they should be able to move any faster than you or I. They might have been able to get fifteen or twenty kilometres from the shuttle by now.
—Star Trek: The Next Generation, "The Descent, Part 1"
In this quote, Data is implicitly being contrasted with the Borg, who can't "move any faster than you or I." This suggests that Data is faster than the human norm.
Data also demonstrates superhuman speed (though not at running) when helping construct a model:
In the TNG episode, The Offspring, after trying to save Data's daughter Lal, Admiral Haftel remarked that Data's hands were moving so quickly that the admiral couldn't even see them. Just how quickly do hands have to be moving before they are faster than a blur, to the point you can no longer see them? Pretty damn fast. I would assume Data also has very fast legs but that still doesn't explain exactly how fast he can run. But if his legs were moving so quickly that you couldn't see them, he'd be running much faster than even Usain Bolt if we define Bolt as the pinnacle of human running speed.
While I agree Data should in theory be able to run very fast, I find it difficult to marry it with the available canon.
In Obie 2.0's answer, LaForge states
Data can move pretty fast even over rough terrain
At the start of Star Trek: Insurrection, this is exactly what he is doing, Although he is moving "pretty fast", it is comparable with the speed of a fit human.
Also in Star Trek: Nemesis, Data runs in order to launch himself off the Enterprise in order to save Picard, but again at perfectly human speeds: