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Sometime ago I read the first appearance of Batgirl was on the TV show starring Adam West. Only afterwards she found her way into the comics.

It this true?

I know there was a character named Bat-Girl before, but of course I am talking about Barbara Gordon the daughter of the police commissioner.

  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batgirl – Valorum Jul 6 '16 at 15:32
  • I feel sorry for Bette Kane... DC hates her I think. Just look at her history as a character. – Durakken Jul 6 '16 at 19:13
  • Apparently, there was a character called Batwoman, taken from Comicvine. Her secret identity was Kathy Kane. The earliest appearance seems to be Batman #105 February 1957, then again in Batman #126 September 1959. i.stack.imgur.com/88UTN.jpg – jim Jul 7 '16 at 11:38
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It's not quite true, but nearly.

Batgirl (Barbara Gordon) was created in part from suggestions from the producers of the Adam West TV show, who wanted to add a new element to the series for the third season:

Schwartz stated that he had been asked to develop a new female character in order to attract a female viewership to the Batman television series of the 1960s. Executive producer William Dozier suggested that the new character would be the daughter of Gotham City's Police Commissioner James Gordon, and that she would adopt the identity of Batgirl.[5] When Dozier and producer Howie Horowitz saw rough concept artwork of the new Batgirl by artist Carmine Infantino during a visit to DC offices, they optioned the character in a bid to help sell a third season to the ABC television network.

However, her first appearance was in the comics, in the issue dated January 1967 (cover dates were typically the last month the comic was supposed to be on the shelves, so the actual date it shipped was in late 1966).

First apperance of Barbara Gordon Batgirl

Meanwhile, Yvonne Craig first appeared as Batgirl in the third season, the first episode, "Enter Batgirl, Exit Penguin" aired September 14th, 1967.

A popular myth among fandom is that the "Barbara Gordon" version of Batgirl was specifically created for the series by producer William Dozier, perhaps stemming from an oft-quoted comment by Dozier claiming credit for the character (he also claimed credit for Aunt Harriet, despite her comic book debut preceding the TV show by several years). In fact, the closing credits make it quite clear Batgirl is owned by and licensed from DC Comics. Comic editor Julius Schwartz had asked writer Gardner Fox to create a recurring female character for the comic book to attract some of the female demographic of the TV series. Dozier saw early artwork of her first story while visiting DC Comics offices, and collaborated to introduce her into the TV show. She was first put into the comic, and then later introduced on the TV series.

Indeed, if she HAD appeared on the TV show first, there would have been potential ownership issues, with DC not necessarily being allowed to use her, as Greenwood Productions and 20th Century Fox produced the series and would therefore be able to argue they created and therefore owned any elements that did not originate in the comics (unless their licensing contract specifically granted DC ownership). The desire to synergize between the comics and the show are probably why they suggested the idea to the DC comics offices (so they could use the idea in the comics without red tape, and she would already be covered under the licensing agreement for the show) rather than simply doing it themselves.

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    Comics are generally made 6 months in advance so that issue was likely written in July 1966, and the char developed less than a few months before that. Craig was cast at the earliest between Jan and May of 67. Because of how TV works it is likely that the idea of Batgirl came up between May and July of 66. Earlier she would have been in seaon 2, later and the comic wouldn't have come out in January 67. – Durakken Jul 6 '16 at 19:10

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