In the series it is stated numerous times that Mars has more advanced military technology, while Earth has numerical superiority.
Tech advantage for Mars seems counter–intuitive to me:
- Earth would have advantage in fundamental research, wouldn't it?
- Mars seems very busy not dying / terraforming, which doesn’t seem like something that would directly translate into space military applications.
- Epstein drive discovery at Mars is described as random and "lucky", rather than outcome of their superior research.
In the earliest instance of combat between the two in the series:
Donnager gets taken out by smaller ships of Earth origin, which are clearly on par, if not superior, technologically. To a degree that everyone seems to find nearly unbelievable.
So what exactly makes / made Mars military tech perceived as "better" one?