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In every series of Star Trek (at least that I recall), using the transporters has a trained Starfleet operator performing the transport when ordered. It seems that for the run-of-the-mill transporting people or cargo on and off the ship, this could easily be handled by the ship's computer, at least from TNG era onwards. Instead, there is always a transporter chief who performs the transport operation.

Here is Chief O'Brien, hard at work:

Chief O'Brien, hard at work

I can understand that under challenging circumstances where there is margin for error, then a trained Starfleet operator may be required to make snap decisions or adjustments, but for the most part, using the transporter seems to be a mundane task. A voice command to the computer would be logical, given that the operator is more or less pushing a button when the command is given.

Given that the operator is going to depend on the computer to actually perform the calculations, Is there any in-universe reason given as to why operating the transporters still requires a transporter chief?

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    In case of emergencies he's right there? They seem to happen quite a lot. – Paulie_D Sep 8 '16 at 10:15
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    @Paulie_D If what's shown is indicative of the average number of transporter accidents, I'll take the shuttle thanks :) – Jane S Sep 8 '16 at 10:27
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    The computer could fly the shuttle too...but generally it has a pilot at the helm. – Paulie_D Sep 8 '16 at 10:27
  • Actually that's an interesting addendum to my question, given that in the 21st century we are already dabbling with driverless vehicles. Why can't the computer fly the shuttle? – Jane S Sep 8 '16 at 10:30
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    The Honorable Guild of Transporter Operators has a seriously strong lobby in the Federation political structures. – Paul Sep 8 '16 at 12:10
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I can understand that under challenging circumstances where there is margin for error, then a trained Starfleet operator may be required to make snap decisions or adjustments, but for the most part, using the transporter seems to be a mundane task.

Just in case.

Fundamentally, for safety/emergency reasons.

Transporting, while mundane, is still a highly dangerous activity. In the case of an emergency the computer might not be programmed to deal with the issue (stuff happens all the time in Trek) and you need a trained intuitive person there to handle it.

As discussed in the comments, the same applies to computers flying shuttles / starships...in most cases there is still an actual person at the helm....just in case.

We have driverless cars now (almost) and they still have steering wheels and manual brakes.

  • I'll likely accept this for being the "common sense" answer, but I wanted to see if there was any "official" in universe reason given. – Jane S Sep 8 '16 at 20:40
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    Also the computer does handle the transport lots of times, Seska & Data programmed a site2site in the computer, so have others. Also countless episode in ds9 with runabouts (sisko to computer 2 to beam up) ect. Its obvious its for safety as said here but its shown the computer can do it easily and does it frequently too – Matt Oct 3 '16 at 14:11
  • I take issue with your closing sentence: "We have driverless cars now, and they still have steering wheels and manual brakes." But they don't contain spare human drivers, "just in case". To bring it back to the original question, you're effectively saying that transporter rooms have computer consoles - but still not addressing the presence of the Transporter Chief. – flith Oct 17 '16 at 13:45
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Keep in mind that, although Starfleet's primary purpose is exploration (not military), Starfleet is not a military organization, they are essentially a military organization are both structured as one and function as the Federation military.

When you look at how contemporary military organizations function, they have a large amount of redundancy. There may be an automated task, but there is usually a person as backup to the automation in case it fails in an emergency. This is why a military ship has a larger crew than a civilian ship with a comparable function (i.e., a military cargo ship will have a larger crew than a civilian cargo ship).

During downtime, those personnel are doing routine maintenance (i.e., during warp, when the transporter isn't required, the operator is doing routine maintenance checks). During operation, it's important that the personnel are paying attention, rather than thinking about something else. Therefore, they're usually assigned actual tasks other than just watching gauges during operation...like controlling the transporter operation. Additionally, emergencies don't happen every day, but daily operations are ongoing and personnel need to keep in practice so they're ready when emergencies do happen.

Can a computer with the sophistication of the one aboard the 1701D or 1701E run the transporter? Almost certainly. There are a few instances in the various series of people starting the transport operation on a delay, then stepping on the transport platform, so it's possible to at least that extent. I even seem to remember a few instances of completely automated transporter operation, although I can't find the references, so don't quote me on that (maybe on starbases?). But it's entirely consistent with a military organization to have a human transporter operator.

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