There's every indication that it did not.
She and BB-8 headed to the cockpit, where she ditched her staff and plopped down in the pilot’s seat. She flipped a switch on the console and the controls illuminated. A little dusty, perhaps, but perfectly readable.
“Gunner’s position is down below,” she called to the young man.
“You ever fly this thing?” he shouted back.
“Nobody’s flown this crate in years.”
She initiated the launch sequence.
The Force Awakens: Junior Novelisation
She sat down in the pilot’s chair and took a deep breath. “I can do
this. I can do this,” she said over and over to herself. It was just
like the flight simulator at home. No need to be completely terrified.
Rey ran through the prelaunch sequence in record time and smiled as
the engines roared to life. She eased forward on the throttle while
pulling back on the control yoke. The ship blasted ahead in one smooth
movement and took to the sky. Rey felt her smile grow even wider.
The Force Awakens: Rey's Story
Tossing her staff to one side and throwing herself into the pilot’s seat even as she was scrutinizing the instrumentation, Rey activated several controls. Much to her surprise, the console in front of her immediately came to life. She tapped a visualization.
The Force Awakens: Official Novelisation
Additionally, the interior of the cockpit (as seen in the now non-canon Star Wars Blueprints: The Ultimate Collection) has zero reference to security measures at the time of Episode VII
That all being said, the canon factbook Star Wars: Millennium Falcon: A 3-D Owner's Guide (2018) makes reference to Han having installed some sort of 'security immobiliser'. It's evidently ineffective, at least against Luke and Leia, although they may have some insider knowledge about how it works, having had access to the ship and seeing Han fly her. This was obviously 20+ years before the events of Force Awakens.
Luke & Leia