I know of only a few uses of teleportation prior to Star Trek's (TOS) transporter that appeared in movies or TV shows.
What is the earliest example of teleportation by a machine, shown in a movie or on TV??
Those that I know of are:
- Movie: The Fly (1958)
- TV: Outer Limits, season 1, Episode 1: The Galaxy Being (1963)
- TV: Outer Limits, Season 1, episode 28: The Special One (1964)
I think there are others but do not know of any. Technically, it does not have to be a Sci-Fi movie or TV show but if it has teleportation it seems to come under that category.
There is another Outer Limits episode in the original series where several residential blocks (homes and home residents) were teleported from Earth to another planet but that was an incident merely to set up the story and it could have been executed by any other means, including space magic. In fact, even in item (3) of my list, the teleportation of Mr. Zeno as shown is incidental to the story and not existing as an actual machine like the movie The Fly and episode 1 of Outer Limits.
Anything that appears after the advent of Star Trek (TOS) is not of any interest to me.