I'm looking for a short story about a monastery where people use data analysis to improve their lives, and go out into the world to investigate "anomalies".
The story was set in the future, but not the far future. I think it was in an anthology, and I read it a few years ago.
It centered on one man, as he left the monastery on some sort of pilgrimage to investigate an anomaly or something to that effect.
These people collected data on all sorts of seemingly random things, like how long they looked at pages, what paths they took to get lunch, etc, etc.
I've been looking for ages now and cannot find it anywhere!
I suspect it's too cool of an idea for me to be imagining it, so please help me find it!