I was wondering, what is the size of Westeros?

I am currently re-reading the books and it's kind of hard to keep track of time or distance with all the different POVs.

Knowing how big the continent is, it would be helpful to put things in a better perspective. For example, I have no idea if it took 3 days for the Starks to go from Winterfell to King's Landing, or 3 months.

If you can compare the size to an actual country or region, it would be great.


2 Answers 2


TL;DR Version

To sum up the points below:

  1. Westeros is roughly equal to size of South America in our world as per the author.
  2. Essos is equal to Europe and Asia combined according to the author.
  3. And no, GRRM doesn't want you to be sure how long will it take to travel from point A to B. But he has given a pointer to roughly estimate the size if you really want to. That is the length of the wall.

Longer Version

How do ASOIAF regions compare to our world?

George R.R. Martin has compared Westeros to South America and Essos to Eurasia . He said:

I will post the dates and times of my signing tour in the "touring" thread uptopic. Thanks for asking.

As for your other questions (boy, you folks are relentless), I don't have the precise population of King's Landing on[sic] the exact area of Westeros immediately on hand.

In very general terms, however... King's Landing is more populous than medieval London or Paris, but not so populous as medieval Constantinople or ancient Rome.

Some readers have likened Westeros to England because they see some general similarities in its shape, and in its location off the west coast of a larger landmass. The latter is true enough (I don't see the former, myself), but Westeros is much much MUCH bigger than Britain. More the size (though not the shape, obviosuly) of South America, I'd say.

The other continent is bigger (Essos), Eurasia size.

Yes, a league is three miles.

Should you worry about how long it takes to travel in Westeros and how big it is?

Also George R.R. Martin is deliberately vague about such matters. He said in another correspondence with the fans:

I have deliberately tried to be vague about such things, so I don't have obsessive fans with rulers measuring distances on the map and telling me Ned couldn't get from X to Y in the time I say he did.

However, if you really must know, you can figure out the distances for yourself. The Wall is a hundred leagues long. A league is three miles. Go from there.

But if you turn up any mistakes in travel times by using that measure, let it be your secret.

You really wanna know, don't you?

If, to quote GRRM, you are really that obsessed fan, Well put that calculator and ruler back. Another fan has roughly done the work for you by estimating the size. According to his/her findings:

Total length of Westeros from the North Pole to the coast of Dorne: 5084.06 miles

Distance from the Wall to the North Pole: 2,086.46 miles

Distance from the Wall to the treeline in Thenn: 595.7 miles

Distance from the Wall to the Arctic Circle: 300 miles

North-South Distance of the Seven Kingdoms: 2,997.6 miles

North-South Distance of the Lands Beyond the Wall (to the edge of the WoIaF map): 1,865.2 miles

Combined North-South Distance of Mapped Westeros: 4,862.8 miles

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Disclaimer: These findings are not the official position of the author or the publishers. Any error's responsibility lies with the original poster. To clarify the confusion some members may have, The creator has based his recordings on a common reference system which he established from the Data GRRM has provided, explains his research in detail and identifies the potential issues with his work. I suggest taking a look at his blog post linked above..

  • 6
    GRRM doesn't see the similarities in the shapes of Great Britain and Westeros?? I find that hard to believe: reddit.com/r/MapPorn/comments/2y4xpm/…
    – tobiasvl
    Feb 10, 2017 at 17:39
  • 3
    What north pole? Who said Westeros even had poles, let alone their locations? Is it even known for a fact that Westeros is on a planet in space?
    – einpoklum
    Feb 10, 2017 at 22:30
  • 4
    Of course. Its on the planet of Planetos.
    – alexgbelov
    Feb 11, 2017 at 1:01
  • 2
    @einpoklum First of all, Westeros is a continent, not a planet so even suggesting that it has poles is absurd. Secondly, Please read the blog post linked :) You will understand why does the person behind use equator and poles as a common reference to between our world and that one
    – Aegon
    Feb 11, 2017 at 1:39
  • 5
    Roughly like South America, with a wall at the northern end and horrible creatures on the other side of it, you said? Feb 11, 2017 at 8:26

I'm not a fan of the South America comparison. Most of the travel is among the seven kingdoms, and in one case, from the wall northward. I think it is better to compare the length of the regions north of the wall, and south of the wall, to the length Brazil.

Moreover, nobody of any real focus has traveled from The Wall to Dorne in one journey. The North, and the region that the other kingdoms constitute, are about the same size. Accordingly, you might think of each of those two as being approximately the size of Central America (i.e. from Guatemala to Panama).

  • 1
    People have traveled from Dorne to Wall i.e. King Vorian Dayne and his fellow Dornish Kings (Although they may have taken the naval route). We don't have to like the Writer's ideas but I fear his word is the last word on the matter and only one that matters. If he says Westeros is equivalent in size (Not shape) not South America, that's what it is.
    – Aegon
    Feb 11, 2017 at 9:40
  • @Aegon I agree, the author's word is final. However, my comparisons are compatible with his. Central America*2 = Brazil. Brazil*2 = South America = Westeros. Regarding Dayne, I've amended my answer accordingly.
    – Hal
    Feb 11, 2017 at 23:50
  • 1
    Aegon - You're wrong. The author is not the last word. Reality and logic are the last words. In the foreword to Prologue to Foundation Isaac Asimov listed his novels in chronological order of fictional events. Asimov put The Currents of Space before The Stars Like Dust which is obviously a mistake. No doubt Asimov would have revised the list if someone had asked him about the error. Feb 12, 2017 at 0:42
  • @M.A.Golding If reality and Logic are the last words, a mythical world with dragons and magic wouldn't exist in the first place :) No, Author's choice is the last word on how he hopes to see his world
    – Aegon
    Feb 12, 2017 at 12:14
  • Aegon - Asimov clearly wrote his "Empire" trilogy so that The Stars Like Dust happens thousands of years before The Currents of Space that happen thousands of years before Pebble in the Sky. Asimov simply made a mistake about the order of his own stories. Feb 12, 2017 at 19:11

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