The events you list are indeed rather important... to British wizards. Foreign wizards don't attend Hogwarts and don't live in Britain. Their civil wars would affect a Nigerian wizard about as much as the Syrian War affects someone in the UK.
The only truly "international" involvement you listed was Dumbledore defeating Grindelwald (strongly implied to be German, and the true power behind Adolf Hitler). There, British wizards' involvement was largely coincidental, a result of Grindelwald happening to have a British aunt and happening to become childhood friends with a bright young Briton.
To the other question of why other nation's wizards didn't interfere in the war against Voldemort... why would they? The UK defeated him the first time on their own, and the second time he quietly seized control of the government. They didn't need to request help the first time, and wouldn't have the second time.