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Trolls are seen to have participated in the events of the War of the Ring: the Troll in Moria, Trolls handling Grond, Trolls in the Battle at the Black Gate;

'A great cave-troll, I think, or more than one.'
Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring

Great beasts drew it, orcs surrounded it, and behind walked mountain-trolls to wield it.
Lord of the Rings: Return of the King

But through them there came striding up, roaring like beasts, a great company of hill-trolls out of Gorgoroth.
Lord of the Rings: Return of the King

It's speculated that Trolls were mutilated Entwives, but that's not possible as Trolls were introduced way before the events of the War of the Ring: they were present in the First Age in the armies of Morgoth.

This doesn't mean that they aren't Ents tortured and mutilated by Morgoth in the First Age, though. Is there any evidence that supports this theory, and if not, what are the Trolls' origins?

Related: Did the Ent-Wives become trolls?

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    I've got an essay coming your way, bud! – Edlothiad May 3 '17 at 9:35
  • Please don't simply create tags because you find them useful. Take it up on Science Fiction & Fantasy Meta and ask the community whether it's a useful tag. I'm personally of the opinion the like unfinished-tales this is pointless as every tolkiens-legendarium tag would require it, and that's what we have the tolkiens-legendarium tag for. – Edlothiad May 12 '17 at 9:07
  • For now I've removed it from your post – Edlothiad May 12 '17 at 9:07
  • I needed to create it so that I could suggest a synonym - which I have done in the Tags page. Once it was accepted I would have removed it – Mat Cauthon May 12 '17 at 9:13
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    Sorry about that, I had no idea that was a feature. Great Idea though! – Edlothiad May 12 '17 at 9:14
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‘Hoom, hmm!
Treebeard

This question is similar to "What is the origin of Orcs", although a bit less debated, in the sense that it's not very clear and all a bit confusing.

I'm going to start with the following statement,

Tolkien never states that Trolls are a mockery of Ents. The only one to say so is Treebeard, and his statements are hardly the be all and end all of discussions.1

In the appendices to his Lord of the Rings, Tolkien states that Trolls were found long ago, a race likened to beasts rather than more sentient being such as man. Crediting Sauron with their evil and wits (noted in Christopher's notes below).

In Myths Transformed, Tolkien again suggests that Trolls were around before, but that they were tinkered with to turn them into the creatures of evil we're familiar with.

And are Orcs 'immortal', in the Elvish sense? Or trolls? It seems clearly implied in The Lord of the Rings that trolls existed in their own right, but were 'tinkered' with by Melkor.
Morgoth's Ring - Myths Transformed: VIII, "Orcs"

Christopher Tolkien's notes on the above

“In The Lord of the Rings Appendix F (I) it is said of Trolls:

In their beginning far back in the twilight of the Elder Days, these were creatures of dull and lumpish nature and had no more language than beasts. But Sauron had made use of them, teaching them what little they could learn, and increasing their wits with wickedness.

In the long letter of September 1954 cited in note 1 he wrote of them:

I am not sure about Trolls. I think they are mere 'counterfeits', and hence (though here I am of course only using elements of old barbarous mythmaking that had no 'aware' metaphysic) they return to mere stone images when not in the dark. But there are other sorts of Trolls beside these rather ridiculous, if brutal, Stone-trolls, for which other origins are suggested. Of course... when you make Trolls speak you are giving them a power, which in our world (probably) connotes the possession of a 'soul'.”

Morgoth's Ring - Myths Transformed: VIII, "Orcs", Note 3

Tolkien goes on to discuss trolls in Myths Transformed IX stating that they are similar to orcs in nature, but different physically, and they may have Been perversions of Human-types and therefore not Ents.

“The Elves would have classed the creatures called 'trolls' (in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings) as Orcs - in character and origin - but they were larger and slower. It would seem evident that they were corruptions of primitive human types.”
Morgoth's Ring - Myths Transformed: IX

It seems Tolkien himself was not certain of their origin. But one thing we can be certain of is that they were not mutilated Elves, and we can be almost certain they were not mockeries of the Ents.


1
Tolkien himself makes a note of this when asked about Trolls in Letter 153

Treebeard is a character in my story, not me; and though he has a great memory and some earthy wisdom, he is not one of the Wise, and there is quite a lot he does not know or understand.
Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien - Letter 153

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    "Tolkien himself was not sure about their origin" which means he just had not thought about it or more likely not decided. – TerranGaming May 3 '17 at 14:41
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I feel that it is fairly likely. In The Two Towers they were described by Treebeard.

'Ho, hm, well, we could, you know! You do not know perhaps, how strong we are. Maybe you have heard of Trolls? They are mighty strong. But Trolls are only counterfeits, made by the Enemy in the Great Darkness, in mockery of Ents, as Orcs were of Elves.'

The Lord of the Rings - The Two Towers: Chapter IV - Treebeard

Orcs were made from mutilated Elves in a way. The sentence uses 'as' to describe the similarities of the creation of Trolls and Orcs. There were no instances stated that Morgoth had captured any Ents, just that he 'created' 'em.

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    That's a good finding, but since Treebeard didn't know what a "Hobbit" was, and ents in general are known to care little about "mortal business", excuse me if I doubt him as a reputable source... I claim that testimony to be "hearsay", at best :P – xDaizu May 3 '17 at 14:33
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    It could also be hyperbole, with the parallel to orcs/elves serving to reinforce the point that trolls were created as a counterpart to Ents, but not necessarily created from corrupted Ents. Treebeard was a bit of a talker, who used hyperbole and metaphor a lot, and as expounded on in other answers, wasn't necessarily all that wise about the ways of non-Ents. – flith May 4 '17 at 10:02

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