The final scene of The Thing (2011) and the opening scene of The Thing (1982) both show a dog-Thing running from the Norwegian base to the American base in Antarctica. The dog-Thing is fleeing the Norwegians in a helicopter who are trying to kill it before it can reach another base.
The two bases are 80 km away from each other and the next base is a Soviet one about 50 km away. Sensing a base from 80 km away is not easy, but the dog-Thing gets there.
How did the dog-Thing know which way to run when it fled the Norwegian base? Or did the dog-Thing just run off in a random direction and happened upon the American base?
Possible source materials for answers about the dog-Thing's sense of direction. I listed the movie screenplays on top since I am more concerned about the movie adaptation than the books or comics, but if you have insights from the books or comics that answer the question but don't contradict the movies, then go for it.
Any version of the screenplays for either movie.
A novelization of the film based on the second draft of the screenplay was published in 1982 by Alan Dean Foster.
The original story, Who Goes There?, by John W. Campbell, Jr.
Peter Watts published a short story called The Things which retells the film events from the alien's point of view and paints it in a much more sympathetic light by describing the Thing as an alien with an innocent impulse to share with the human race its power of communion and its frightened, not to mention severely saddened, reaction when they attack it.
Any of the Thing based stories published by Dark Horse Comics. (Four comic sequels to the 1982 film about MacReady chasing the Thing from one place to another.)
I am less interested in answers from these sources, but would consider them in lieu of answers from better sources.
Video games based on the stories.
The 1951 movie, The Thing From Another World, because it's not as faithful to the book.
If this question is not covered by any materials, please don't speculate, but just say the answer is not known yet.