Since there are already several other questions about Harry and Voldemort's soul, I checked to see if this was answered elsewhere. Didn't find it, so here goes.
The fragments of Voldemort's soul seem to have self-awareness because several try to manipulate/influence people around them.
- The diary influenced/possessed Ginny Weasley. It made her open the Chamber of Secrets, write nasty messages on the walls, and release a monster on children. It takes a lot of planning to do all that, the kind of planning that sentient beings can do, not a semi-sentient artifact such as a magical painting.
- The locket tried to manipulate and confuse Ronald Weasley right before he destroyed it. The locket also tried to strangle its wearer.
- The snake is self-aware anyway, but I am discussing whether the soul fragment inside it is self-aware too. The soul fragment inside the snake influences Harry to get him to retrieve a prophecy globe from the Ministry of Magic.
- Not sure if other horcruxes (ring, diadem, and cup) are self-aware because I can't recall if any of those horcruxes tried to influence people. If you can think of specific incidents from the book, please post them.
- Harry is not an official horcrux, but he does have a fragment of Voldemort's soul. This fragment does not seem as self-aware because it is not manipulating Harry the way other fragments manipulated Ron or Ginny. (e.g. - It didn't possess Harry into making him do things unconsciously the way the diary manipulated Ginny into unconsciously opening the Chamber of Secrets. If it could/did manipulate Harry that way, it could make him seem like a very evil wizard.)
If we score them yes or no based on whether we have evidence of their self-awareness, I would score them this way.
- Diary? Yes.
- Locket? Yes.
- Snake? Yes.
- Ring? Unknown.
- Diadem? Unknown.
- Cup? Unknown.
- Harry? No.
Since the score is mixed, I am curious if soul fragments inside horcruxes are self-aware.
I'll accept answers based on the books, movies, or comments from the author.